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Table 3 Values of cardiovascular risk factors, organ damage markers and vascular structure and function parameters according to CAVI value

From: Cardio-ankle vascular index is associated with cardiovascular target organ damage and vascular structure and function in patients with diabetes or metabolic syndrome, LOD-DIABETES study: a case series report

Value of CAVI CAVI < 9 (58%) Mean/Median/SD/IQR CAVI ≥ 9 (42%) Mean/Median/SD/IQR p-value
Age (years) 56.5 ± 11.4 67.7 ± 7.3 <0.01
Waist circumference (cm) 102.9 ± 10.7 102.2 ± 12.6 0.77
Body mass index (kg/m2) 30.6 ± 4.2 29.2 ± 5.1 0.13
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 191.7 ± 28.1 176.6 ± 35.0 0.02
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 115.0 ± 28.3 102.2 ± 30.7 0.03
Tryglicerides (mg/dL) 128 (96.0-161.5) 113.5 (82.5-159.5) 0.57
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 50.6 ± 12.0 50.1 ± 11.5 0.85
Lipid lowering drugs n (%) 32 (52.5) 35 (79.5) <0.01
Diabetics n (%) 32 (52.5) 35 (79.5) <0.01
Serum glucose (mg/dL) 96 (85.5-120.5) 107 (93.0-130.8) 0.05
HbA1c 6.1 (5.6-6.5) 6.6 (5.9-7.1) 0.03
Antidiabetic drugs n (%) 31 (50.8) 31 (70.5) 0.05
Office SBP (mm Hg) 127 ± 14 139 ± 17 <0.01
Office DBP (mm Hg) 77 ± 9 78 ± 10 0.59
Antihypertensive Drugs n (%) 50 (82.0) 36 (81.8) 0.98
CVR Framingham D’Agostino 20.5 ± 17.1 32.0 ± 20.8 <0.01
Serum creatinine (mg/dL) 0.9 (0.8-1.0) 0.8 (0.7-1.0) 0.69
GFR with MDRD-IDMS (mL/min/1.73 m2) 92.3 ± 19.1 87.6 ± 20.0 0.22
Albumin/creatinine (mg/g) 2.97 (0.00-8.25) 2.31 (0.00-14.03) 0.93
Cornell VDP (mmms) 1548.5 ± 389.6 1661.5 ± 893.1 0.38
Sokolow (mm) 20.26 ± 5.91 19.72 ± 7.04 0.68
Ankle/brachial index 1.14 ± 0.11 1.14 ± 0.10 0.95
Carotid IMT average mean (mm) 0.74 ± 0.10 0.84 ± 0.13 <0.01
cf-PWV (m/sec) 8.63 ± 2.63 10.86 ± 2.05 <0.01
ba-PWV (m/sec) 13.18 ± 1.41 16.96 ± 3.44 <0.01
Central Augmentation Index 25.2 ± 14.8 30.0 ± 10.1 0.06
Peripheral augmentation index 90 (75–93) 92.5 (83–105) 0.04
Arteriole-venule ratio 0.73 ± 0.11 0.76 ± 0.12 0.29
  1. CAVI: Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index. LDL: Low Density Lipoprotein. HDL: High Density Lipoprotein. HbA1C: Glycosylated Hemoglobin. SBP: Systolic Blood Pressure. DBP: Diastolic Blood Pressure. CVR: CardioVascular Risk. GFR: Glomerular filtration rate. MDRD-IDMS: Modification of Diet in Renal Disease-Isotopic Dilution Mass Spectrometry. VDP: Voltage–Duration Product. IMT: Intima-Media Thickness. cf-PWV: carotid femoral Pulse Wave Velocity. ba-PWV: brachial ankle Pulse Wave Velocity.