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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of patients

From: Cardio-ankle vascular index is associated with cardiovascular target organ damage and vascular structure and function in patients with diabetes or metabolic syndrome, LOD-DIABETES study: a case series report

Variable Mean/Median/Number n SD/IQR/ (%)
Age (years) 61.2 11.1
Female sex n (%) 41 37.3
Smoking n (%) 19 17.6
Ischemic heart disease n (%) 11 10
Cerebrovascular disease n (%) 3 3.9
Waist circumference (cm) 102.9 11.9
Body mass index (kg/m2) 30.2 4.8
Obesity n (%) 55 50.9
Office systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 132 16
Office diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 77 10
Office pulse pressure (mmHg) 56 15
Heart rate (beats/min) 68 11
Hypertension n (%) 90 81.8
Antihypertensive drugs n (%) 88 81.5
Serum glucose (mg/dL) 103 89.3-128.3
HbA1c (%) 6.3 5.7-7.0
Diabetes n (%) 71 64.5
Antidiabetic drugs n (%) 65 60.2
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 185.3 31.9
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 128 95.0-162.5
High density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dL) 50.2 11.8
Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dL) 109.5 29.7
Dyslipidemia n (%) 68 63.6
Metabolic syndrome n (%) 39 35.5
Lipid lowering drugs n (%) 70 64.8
Cardiovascular risk Framingham D’Agostino 25.3 19.5
  1. Values are means and standard deviations (SD) for normally distributed continuous data, medians and interquartile range (IQR) for asymmetrically distributed continuous data and absolute frequency and proportions for categorical data.