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Figure 1 | Cardiovascular Diabetology

Figure 1

From: Cardio-ankle vascular index is associated with cardiovascular target organ damage and vascular structure and function in patients with diabetes or metabolic syndrome, LOD-DIABETES study: a case series report

Figure 1

Mean ± SD values of CAVI in patients with and without target organ damage. a: Represents the mean values of CAVI ± SD between patients with any TOD and those without TOD (CAVI = 9.22 ± 1.1; vs. CAVI = 8.07 ± 1.3, p < 0.01); with vascular TOD and without it (CAVI = 9.29 ± 1.1; vs. CAVI = 8.15 ± 1.3, p = p < 0.01); with cardiac TOD and without it (CAVI = 9.86 ± 1.0; vs. CAVI = 8.56 ± 1.3, p = 0.002); and with renal TOD and without it (CAVI = 9.11 ± 1.1; vs. CAVI = 8.63 ± 1.3, p = 0.206). b: Represents the mean values of CAVI ± SD between patients with any TOD and those without TOD with different parameters: intima-media thickness (CAVI = 9.28 ± 1.08; vs. CAVI = 8.40 ± 1.33, p < 0.01) ; carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (CAVI = 9.58 ± 1.12; vs. CAVI = 8.35 ± 1.22, p < 0.01); brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (CAVI = 10.53 ± 1.08; vs. CAVI = 8.41 ± 1.11, p < 0.01) and Ankle-brachial index (CAVI = 8.77 ± 1.99; vs. CAVI = 8.69 ± 1.29, (p > 0.05). c: Represents the mean values of CAVI ± SD between patients with renal TOD and those without TOD with different parameters: glomerular filtration rate (CAVI = 9.26 ± 0.77; vs. CAVI = 8.66 ± 1.33, p > 0.05); creatinine (CAVI = 9.15 ± 1.24; vs. CAVI = 8.65 ± 1.32, p > 0.05); albumin creatinine ratio (CAVI = 9.14 ± 0.93; vs. CAVI = 8.68 ± 1.33, p > 0.05).

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