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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and follow-up information of the survey participants

From: Obesity attenuates gender differences in cardiovascular mortality

Study Number of participants Age (years) BMI (kg/m2) WC (cm) WHR WHtR Median follow-up (years) No. (%) of CVD deaths
Men         
Finland         
FINRISK (1987) 2541 43.8 (11.2) 26.7 (3.7) 92.2 (10.7) 0.90 (0.06) 0.53 (0.06) 21.8 293 (11.5)
FINRISK (1992) 2570 44.3 (11.2) 26.6 (3.9) 93.9 (11.2) 0.92 (0.07) 0.53 (0.07) 16.8 152 (5.9)
FINRISK (1997) 3788 48.6 (13.5) 26.9 (3.9) 94.5 (11.3) 0.93 (0.07) 0.54 (0.07) 11.8 205 (5.4)
FINRISK (2002) 3808 48.0 (13.0) 27.2 (4.1) 95.4 (11.8) 0.97 (0.07) 0.54 (0.07) 6.8 69 (1.8)
Sweden         
Northern Sweden MONICA (1986) 671 46.0 (11.4) 25.4 (3.4) 92.4 (9.2) 0.94 (0.05) 0.52 (0.06) 20.5 49 (7.3)
Northern Sweden MONICA (1990) 761 45.0 (11.3) 25.8 (3.3) 91.4 (9.1) 0.93 (0.06) 0.52 (0.05) 16.5 30 (3.9)
Northern Sweden MONICA (1994) 877 49.6 (14.0) 26.2 (3.7) 93.4 (10.1) 0.94 (0.06) 0.53 (0.06) 12.5 37 (4.2)
Northern Sweden MONICA (1999) 869 50.6 (14.3) 26.7 (3.5) 95.3 (9.7) 0.92 (0.07) 0.54 (0.06) 7.4 14 (1.6)
Northern Sweden MONICA (2004) 864 50.9 (14.1) 27.2 (3.9) 96.4 (10.7) 0.96 (0.06) 0.54 (0.06) 2.5 0
Turkey         
TARFS (1998–2002) 1580 53.2 (12.4) 26.4 (4.0) 94.3 (11.0) 0.93 (0.07) 0.56 (0.06) 7.9 55 (3.5)
UK         
Whitehall II (1991–1993) 5300 49.3 (6.0) 25.1 (3.2) 87.4 (9.2) 0.90 (0.06) 0.50 (0.05) 5.9 41 (0.8)
Total 23 629 48.0 (11.8) 26.4 (3.8) 92.6 (11.0) 0.93 (0.07) 0.53 (0.07) 7.9 945 (4.0)
Women         
Finland         
FINRISK (1987) 2812 43.7 (11.4) 26.0 (4.9) 79.4 (11.2) 0.78 (0.06) 0.49 (0.07) 21.8 119 (4.2)
FINRISK (1992) 2828 44.0 (11.5) 25.7 (4.9) 80.2 (11.7) 0.79 (0.07) 0.49 (0.08) 16.9 55 (1.9)
FINRISK (1997) 3788 46.1 (12.7) 26.1 (4.9) 81.3 (12.2) 0.80 (0.07) 0.50 (0.08) 11.8 61 (1.6)
FINRISK (2002) 4383 46.6 (13.0) 26.4 (5.0) 83.6 (12.6) 0.84 (0.06) 0.52 (0.08) 6.8 14 (0.3)
Sweden         
Northern Sweden MONICA (1986) 685 45.6 (11.1) 25.0 (4.4) 85.3 (12.2) 0.86 (0.07) 0.52 (0.08) 20.5 18 (2.6)
Northern Sweden MONICA (1990) 793 44.8 (11.4) 25.0 (4.4) 79.4 (11.0) 0.81 (0.06) 0.49 (0.07) 16.5 12 (1.5)
Northern Sweden MONICA (1994) 902 49.4 (14.0) 25.8 (4.7) 84.2 (12.4) 0.83 (0.08) 0.52 (0.08) 12.5 16 (1.8)
Northern Sweden MONICA (1999) 900 50.1 (14.1) 26.3 (4.6) 84.9 (11.8) 0.82 (0.07) 0.52 (0.08) 7.5 3 (0.3)
Northern Sweden MONICA (2004) 909 49.7 (13.9) 26.6 (5.1) 86.6 (12.9) 0.85 (0.07) 0.53 (0.08) 2.5 0
Turkey         
TARFS (1998–2002) 1619 52.7 (12.3) 28.8 (5.6) 90.7 (12.7) 0.84 (0.08) 0.58 (0.09) 7.9 35 (2.2)
UK         
Whitehall II (1991–1993) 2346 50.2 (6.1) 25.7 (4.7) 75.5 (11.7) 0.77 (0.07) 0.47 (0.07) 5.8 6 (0.3)
Total 21 965 46.9 (12.3) 26.2 (5.0) 82.0 (12.6) 0.81 (0.07) 0.51 (0.08) 11.8 339 (1.5)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, WHtR waist-to-height ratio, CVD cardiovascular disease.
  2. Data are means (standard deviations) or as noted.