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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of type 2 diabetic patients and the effects of one month following a Mediterranean diet using olive oil, or following a control low-fat diet

From: The protective effect of the Mediterranean diet on endothelial resistance to GLP-1 in type 2 diabetes: a preliminary report

  MedDiet baseline MedDiet 3 months Control diet baseline Control diet 3 months
Sex 9M 3F 9M 3F 8M 4F 8M 4F
BMI Kg/m2 29.8 ± 1.4 29.6 ± 1.3 29.2 ± 1.1 29.3 ± 1.1
HbA1c % 8.1 ± 0.5 8.0 ± 0.4 8.0 ± 0.4 8.0 ± 0.6
HbA1c mmol/mol 65 ± 3.2 65 ± 3.0 65 ± 3.0 65 ± 3.3
Resting diastolic blood pressure mm Hg 77.4 ± 1.1 78.6 ± 1.3 78.6 ± 1.2 77.9 ± 1.4
Resting systolic blood pressure mm Hg 116.2 ± 1.3 115.5 ± 1.2 117.1 ± 1.4 116.7 ± 1.5
Total cholesterol mmol/l 4.30 ± 0.3 4.30 ± 0.4 4.27 ± 0.4 4.28 ± 0.3
Triglycerides mmol/l 1.2 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.5 1.3 ± 0.2 1.2 ± 0.5
HDL-C mmol/l 1.4 ± 0.2 1.4 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.4
LDL-C mmol/l 2.2 ± 0.2 2.3 ± 0.4 2.1 ± 0.4 2.2 ± 0.5
FMD % 5.6 ± 0.5 7.9 ± 0.4* 5.5 ± 0.3 5.6 ± 0.6
8-iso-PGF2a (pg/ml) 68.4 ± 3.5 41.3 ± 2.2* 69.4 ± 3.0 68.8 ± 4.1
Nitrotyrosine μmol/l 0.64 ± 0.03 0.35 ± 0.02* 0.65 ± 0.04 0.64 ± 0.06
ICAM-1a (ng/ml) 170.4 ± 11.5 110.5 ± 10.1* 172.4 ± 10.5 173.3 ± 12.4
IL-6 (pg/ml) 230.35 ± 9.4 170.20 ± 8.3* 228.30 ± 10.3 235.55 ± 10.2
FRAP (μmol/l) 903.2 ± 57.2 1,810.3 ± 45.4* 911.6 ± 55.5 913.6 ± 52.4
TRAP (μmol/l) 807.5 ± 87.4 1,508.2 ± 60.1* 810.3 ± 75.2 813.3 ± 77.8
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SE *p < 0.05 vs baseline.