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Table 1 Characteristics of subjects categorized according to sex

From: High-sensitivity c-reactive protein and gamma-glutamyl transferase levels are synergistically associated with metabolic syndrome in community-dwelling persons

Characteristics Men (N = 822) Women (N = 1,097) P-value*
Age (years) 61 ± 14 63 ± 12 <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.6 ± 3.0 23.4 ± 3.4 0.154
Smoking status, % 41.6/24.8/14.6/19.0 97.5/0.8/1.5/0.1 <0.001
Alcohol consumption, % 14.6/28.5/34.3/22.6 64.6/30.0/4.9/0.5 <0.001
History of cardiovascular disease, % 9.9 6.8 0.011
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 140 ± 20 139 ± 23 0.064
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 84 ± 11 80 ± 12 <0.001
Antihypertensive medication, % 24.7 25.6 0.343
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.08 (0.81-1.55) 1.01 (0.75-1.39) <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.53 ± 0.38 1.68 ± 0.40 <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.86 ± 0.81 3.26 ± 0.76 <0.001
Antilipidemic medication, % 3.9 6.7 0.005
Serum uric acid (μmol/L) 351 ± 83 265 ± 62 <0.001
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 81.1 ± 17.0 80.2 ± 17.0 0.212
Immuno-reactive insulin (mU/mL) 4.7 (3.1-7.3) 6.0 (4.1-8.7) <0.001
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L) 5.27 (4.94-5.77) 5.11 (4.83-5.55) <0.001
HOMA-IR 1.12 (0.70-1.86) 1.39 (0.91-2.08) <0.001
Diabetic medication, % 4.0 3.2 0.200
HMW adiponectin (μg/mL) 3.40 (2.01-5.34) 6.68 (4.39-9.65) <0.001
hsCRP (mg/L) 0.520 (0.280-1.073) 0.430 (0.220-0.870) <0.001
GGT (IU/L) 38 (25-68) 20 (16-28) <0.001
  1. Data presented are mean ± standard deviation. HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; HMW, high molecular weight; hsCRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein; GGT, gamma-glutamyl transferase. Data for triglycerides, fasting blood glucose, HOMA-IR, HMW adiponectin, hsCRP, and GGT were skewed and are presented as median (interquartile range) values, and were log-transformed for analysis. *P-value from Student's t-test for continuous variables or from χ2-test for categorical variables.