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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Daily steps are low year-round and dip lower in fall/winter: findings from a longitudinal diabetes cohort

  Total N = 201 Both Fall/Winter and Spring/Summer Data N = 166
Women, % 46.8 48.8
Age, years, mean (SD) 62.2 (10.5) 62.4 (10.8)
Diabetes, years, median (IQR) 8 (3 to 13) 8 (3 to 13)
Married/common-law,% 68.9a 68.6
White, % 69.2 69.3
Immigrant, % 46.3 44.6
Education, %   
   High school 24.8 24.7
   College 22.4 21.7
   University 38.8 40.4
Depressed mood, %b 27.4 25.3
Current smoking, % 9.5a 9.7
Cardiovascular Disease % 16.9 18.7
Physical activity   
   Walking, steps/day, mean (SD) 5,365 (2,655) 5,308 (2,477)
   Self-reported total activity, metabolic equivalent-minutes/week, median (IQR)c 1,965d (777 to 3,450) 1,965e (849 to 3,417)
Anthropometric measures, mean (SD)   
   BMI, kg/m2 30.4 (5.6) 30.1 (5.7)
   Waist circumference, cm   
Women 99.2 (12.9) 98.6 (13.6)
Men 104.5 (12.9) 103.7 (13.0)
   Waist/hip   
Women 0.88 (0.07) 0.88 (0.06)
Men 0.97 (0.06) 0.96 (0.06)
Intake, median (IQR)f   
   Total energy, kcal/day 1,676 (1,770 to 2,089) 1,723 (1,256 to 2,171)
   Carbohydrates, g/day 177 (125 to 232) 180 (126 to 243)
   Salt, mg/day 2,348 (1,569 to 3,103) 2,414 (1,699 to 3,225)
A1C, mean (SD) 7.6 (1.4) 7.6 (1.4)
Antihyperglycemics, median (IQR) 2 (1 to 2) 2 (1 to 2)
Insulin, % 32.8 34.9
Blood Pressure, mm Hg, mean (SD)   
   Systolic 138 (17) 137 (17)
   Diastolic 80 (11) 81 (10)
Antihypertensives, median (IQR) 2 (1 to 3) 2 (1 to 3)
Statin, % 77.6 75.9
  1. SD, standard deviation; IQR, interquartile range
  2. a N = 180 because assessed at second visit
  3. b Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale with score above 16 indicated depressed mood
  4. c International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Short Last 7 days format) [20]
  5. d N = 167 who provided sufficient data for computation
  6. e N = 137 who provided sufficient data for computation
  7. f Shatenstein and colleagues' Food Frequency Questionnaire [21].