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Table 2 Biochemical characteristics of the study participants

From: Circadian blood pressure variability in type 1 diabetes subjects and their nondiabetic siblings - influence of erythrocyte electron transfer

Characteristic Controls T1D patients Siblings
FPG (mmol/l) 4.9 ± 0.4 10.5 ± 3.6¶ 5.2 ± 0.5*#
HbA1c (%) 5.3 ± 0.3 8.6 ± 1.4¶ 5.1 ± 0.3*#
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 0.7 4.9 ± 0.9 5.3 ± 1.0
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.5 ± 0.4 1.6 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.3
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.9 ± 0.6 2.8 ± 0.7 3.2 ± 0.9†
Triglycerides (mmol/l) [1.0, 0.4-1.7] [0.7, 0.4-1.2]° [0.8, 0.5-1.7]†
Plasma creatinine (μmol/l) 84 ± 13 93 ± 10* 87 ± 12
ACR (μg/mg) [3.2, 0-18] [2.5, 0-1395] [2.5, 0-12]
RBC vfcy (mmol/ml h) 10.1 ± 2.5 9.6 ± 2.6 10.4 ± 2.9
  1. Data are mean ± SD or [median, range]. *p < 0.05, °p < 0.01, ¶p < 0.001 comparing T1D or their siblings vs. normal control subjects; †p < 0.05, ‡p < 0.01, #p < 0.001 comparing siblings vs. T1D.
  2. FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HDL, high density lipoprotein; LDL, low density lipoprotein; ACR, albumin-to-creatinine ratio; RBC vfcy, erythrocyte velocity of ferricyanide reduction.