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Table 1 Clinical characteristics

From: Circulating oxidized low-density lipoproteins and arterial elasticity: comparison between men with metabolic syndrome and physically active counterparts

  Metabolic Syndrome
(n = 40)
Controls
(n = 40)
p value
Age, years 49.8 ± 7.1 50.8 ± 8.1 NS
Family history of, n (%)    
   - coronary heart disease 16 (40.0%) 18 (45.0%) NS
   - cerebrovascular disease 8 (20.0%) 6 (15.0%) NS
Diabetics, n (%) 16 (40.0%) 1 (2.5%) < 0.001
Diagnosed with hypertension, n (%) 9 (22.5%) 2 (5.0%) 0.048
Smoking    0.001
   - current, n (%) 12 (30.0%) 1 (2.5%)  
   - former, n (%) 16 (40.0%) 12 (30.0%)  
   - never, n (%) 12 (30.0%) 27 (67.5%)  
No of pack-years in smokers 16.1 ± 13.9 8.1 ± 8.3 0.030
Physical activity, kcal/day 233.8 ± 236.4 531.8 ± 274.3 < 0.001
Alcohol intake, g/day 16.9 ± 18.2 8.1 ± 6.1 0.006
BMI, kg/m2 31.5 ± 4.7 24.0 ± 1.7 < 0.001
Waist circumference, cm 112.2 ± 12.0 87.8 ± 6.4 < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 139.6 ± 15.8 127.6 ± 9.3 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 82.1 ± 9.0 74.3 ± 7.2 < 0.001
  1. Clinical characteristics of metabolic syndrome subjects and controls. Data are presented as mean ± SD if not mentioned otherwise.