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Table 1 Population characteristics:

From: Diabetes is associated with impaired myocardial performance in patients without significant coronary artery disease

  Diabetes: No diabetes: p for difference:
  n = 31 n = 31  
Age (years) 58 (± 12) 58 (± 12) 0.9
Gender, male 52% 52% 1.0
BMI (kg/m 2) 29 (± 5) 25 (± 3) <0.001
Current smoker 20% 32% 0.2
Previous smoker 45% 39% 0.6
Hypertension 71% 45% 0.03
Hypercholesterolaemia 84% 26% <0.0001
Family history of ischemic heart disease 48% 61% 0.3
Antidiabetic medications:    
Insulin 35% -  
Oral anti-diabetic medication 39% -  
Diet 13% -  
No treatment 13% -  
Coronary angiography:    
Diffuse coronary disease, no significant stenoses 35% 29% 0.6
No coronary artery disease 65% 71% 0.6
Final diagnosis based on coronary angiography:    
Angina pectoris (I20.) 55% 42% 0.3
Investigation for suspect heart disease (Z03.5) 45% 58% 0.3
Conventional echocardiography parameters:    
Left ventricular ejection fraction (%) 49 (± 7) 52 (± 7) 0.1
Proportion of patients with an LVEF ≥50% 52% 55% 0.8
Left atrial end systolic volume (ml) 35 (± 14) 42 (± 20) 0.1
Mitral E/E' ratio 9.9 (± 5.8) 7.0 (± 1.6) 0.01
Left ventricular dimensions:    
Interventricular septum thickness, end diastolic (mm) 1.1 (± 0.2) 1.1 (± 0.3) 0.5
Interventricular diamenter, end diastolic (mm) 4.8 (± 0.8) 4.7 (± 0.6) 0.3
Posterior wall thickness, end diastolic (mm) 1.0 (± 0.2) 1.0 (± 0.1) 0.8
Classification of diastolic function *:    overall trend test p = 0.2
Normal 55% 75% 0.1
Diastolic dysfunction I 32% 16% 0.1
Diastolic dysfunction II 10% 3% 0.3
Diastolic dysfunction III 0% 0% -
Tissue Doppler parameters:    
Peak longitudinal systolic velocity, S' (cm/s) 5.7 (± 1.1) 6.4 (± 1.1) 0.02
Peak longitudinal early diastolic velocity, E' (cm/s) 6.1 (± 1.7) 7.7 (± 2.0) 0.002
Peak longitudinal atrial velocity, A' (cm/s) 6.8 (± 1.9) 6.9 (± 1.7) 0.8
Average global longitudinal strain, AFI (%) 15.9 (± 2.9) 17.7 (± 2.9) 0.03
  1. Continuous variables are presented as mean (± standard deviation) and discrete variables are presented as percentage. * = In concordance with[10].