Effect of high glucose and PKC inhibitor Ro-31-8220, NF-κB inhibitor BAY11-7082 on c-fos expression in cardiomyocytes. Cardiomyocytes cultured in high glucose levels showed higher expression of c-fos compared with control group. After adding PKC inhibitor Ro-31-8220(50 nmol/L) and NF-κB inhibitor BAY11-7082(5 μmol/L) to the cardiomyocytes cultured in high glucose levels, the expression of c-fos decreased as shown in figure 6. Treatment with mannital, used as an osmotic control, had no significant effect on the expression of c-fos in cardiomyocytes. The results were expressed as means ± SE (n = 4 or 5). * P < 0.05 vs control group, #P < 0.05 vs high glucose group.