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Table 4 Data in Control Subjects

From: Aerobic exercise in obese diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease: a randomized and controlled pilot study

Exercise Parameters Baseline 6 weeks 24 weeks
Exercise duration (min) 4.3 ± 1.1 5.5 ± 3.2 6.6 ± 2.1
Maximal oxygen consumption (mL/kg/min) 10.9 ± 1.0 11.8 ± 2.0 11.9 ± 1.3
Oxygen consumption (isotime) (mL/kg/min) 9.1 ± 0.3 9.0 ± 0.2 9.8 ± 0.5
Resting heart rate (bpm) 75 ± 16 76 ± 10 70 ± 19
Maximum heart rate (bpm) 112 ± 16 107 ± 16 105 ± 13
Resting systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 157 ± 14 156 ± 23 136 ± 5
Resting diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 83 ± 20 77 ± 12 77 ± 8
Maximum systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 207 ± 28 188 ± 47 184 ± 22
Maximum RPP# 23219 ± 6046 20939 ± 7809 19373 ± 4215
Mean ± SD
# rate pressure product = heart rate × systolic blood pressure
Renal Function Parameters Baseline 6 weeks 24 weeks
Serum creatinine (mg/dL) 2.3 ± 0.1 2.1 ± 0.2 2.1 ± 0.4
Serum urea nitrogen (mg/dL) 45 ± 11 48 ± 12 50 ± 18
Creatinine clearance (mL/min) 66 ± 19 54 ± 22 64 ± 10
Urea clearance (mL/min) 28 ± 0.2 18 ± 5.7 19 ± 0.5
Glomerular filtration rate (mL/min)# 47 ± 9.5 36 ± 14 41 ± 5.3
Urine albumin/creatinine (mg/g) 156 ± 148 162 ± 173 221 ± 304
Urine protein/creatinine (mg/g) 347 ± 178 305 ± 186 387 ± 374
Urine protein excretion (mg/24 h) 542 ± 258 383 ± 256 490 ± 237
   # (Creatinine clearance + urea clearance)/2
Biochemical Parameters Baseline 6 weeks 24 weeks
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 11.8 ± 1.9 12.0 ± 1.8 11.9 ± 1.3
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 152 ± 38 160 ± 53 146 ± 31
Low density cholesterol (mg/dL) 75 ± 24 80 ± 41 69 ± 22
High density cholesterol (mL/min) 33 ± 6 31 ± 3 31 ± 4
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 223 ± 92 245 ± 44 225 ± 104
Glycated hemoglobin (%) 8.2 ± 1.7 8.7 ± 2.6 8.1 ± 3.7
C-reactive protein (mg/dL) 1.7 ± 2.4 0.73 ± 0.32 1.17 ± 0.71
Body Composition Parameters Baseline 6 weeks 24 weeks
Calorie intake (kcal/day) 1869 ± 13 2165 ± 658 2192 ± 537
Body weight (kg) 140 ± 15 139 ± 15 136 ± 20
Fat weight (%) 50 ± 5 53 ± 3 50 ± 5
Lean weight (%) 50 ± 5 47 ± 3 50 ± 5