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Table 3 Data in Subjects Randomized to Exercise

From: Aerobic exercise in obese diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease: a randomized and controlled pilot study

Exercise Parameters Baseline 6 weeks 24 weeks
Exercise duration (min) 6.6 ± 2.2 11.3 ± 2.4 10.2 ± 2.8
Maximal oxygen consumption (mL/kg/min) 14.9 ± 1.1 13.8 ± 3.9 15.6 ± 2.4
Oxygen consumption (isotime) (mL/kg/min) 11.9 ± 1.7 10.0 ± 0.7 9.8 ± 1.4
Resting heart rate (bpm) 80 ± 16 82 ± 22 81 ± 21
Maximum heart rate (bpm) 116 ± 16 121 ± 14 118 ± 17
Resting systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 130 ± 28 132 ± 13 113 ± 16
Resting diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 71 ± 20 71 ± 11 65 ± 10
Maximum systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 182 ± 16 188 ± 24 165 ± 21
Maximum RPP# 21094 ± 3475 22616 ± 1983 19206 ± 1402
Mean ± SD
# rate pressure product = heart rate × systolic blood pressure
Renal Function Parameters Baseline 6 weeks 24 weeks
Serum creatinine (mg/dL) 2.9 ± 1.5 2.7 ± 1.3 2.8 ± 1.2
Serum urea nitrogen (mg/dL) 64 ± 40 58 ± 48 57 ± 34
Creatinine clearance (mL/min) 64 ± 54 62 ± 40 51 ± 26
Urea clearance (mL/min) 24 ± 20 28 ± 22 26 ± 19
Glomerular filtration rate (mL/min)# 44 ± 36 45 ± 31 39 ± 22
Urine albumin/creatinine (mg/g) 327 ± 385 242 ± 260 305 ± 456
Urine protein/creatinine (mg/g) 565 ± 600 419 ± 417 493 ± 544
Urine protein excretion (mg/24 h) 1020 ± 1081 891 ± 831 821 ± 1010
   # (Creatinine clearance + urea clearance)/2
Biochemical Parameters Baseline 6 weeks 24 weeks
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 12.7 ± 2.1 12.7 ± 2.2 12.5 ± 1.8
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 125 ± 25 116 ± 17 128 ± 25
Low density cholesterol (mg/dL) 59 ± 17 51 ± 16 54 ± 11
High density cholesterol (mL/min) 38 ± 6 37 ± 5 39 ± 7
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 137 ± 45 144 ± 60 179 ± 89
Glycated hemoglobin (%) 7.4 ± 1.1 7.5 ± 1.2 8.3 ± 2.4
C-reactive protein (mg/dL) 0.55 ± 0.72 0.72 ± 0.99 0.89 ± 0.92
Nutrition/Body Composition Parameters Baseline 6 weeks 24 weeks
Calorie intake (kcal/day) 1878 ± 563 2011 ± 396 1939 ± 656
Body weight (kg) 116 ± 27 116 ± 26 115 ± 23
Fat weight (%) 40 ± 3 40 ± 3 40 ± 4
Lean weight (%) 60 ± 3 60 ± 3 60 ± 4