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Table 1 Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria

From: Aerobic exercise in obese diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease: a randomized and controlled pilot study

Inclusion Criteria Exclusion Criteria
CKD Stages 2-4 CKD stages other than 2-4
BMI ≥ 30 Hyperparathyroidism/osteoporosis
Diabetes mellitus Symptomatic neuropathy/retinopathy
Proteinuria (urine protein/creatinine > 200 mg/g for ≥ 3 months) Positive stress test due to coronary arterial disease
Treatment with ACE inhibitor or ARB, aspirin, and statin (if LDL > 100) Symptomatic cardiovascular disease
Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III or IV)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (FEV1 < 50% predicted and/or requires supplemental oxygen support during exercise)
Complaints of angina during the stress test
Cerebrovascular disease/cognitive impairment
Renal transplant
Inability to walk on the treadmill
Any unforeseen illness or disability that would preclude exercise testing or training
Participation in a formal exercise program within the previous 12 weeks
  1. BMI = body mass index (kg/m2), FEV1 = forced expiratory volume in one second; ACE = angiotensin converting enzyme; ARB = angiotensin receptor blocker; LDL = low density lipoprotein