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Table 1 Age- and sex-adjusted means or frequencies of cardiovascular risk factors according to serum resistin quintiles.

From: Diabetes and hypertension markedly increased the risk of ischemic stroke associated with high serum resistin concentration in a general Japanese population: the Hisayama Study

  Serum resistin level (ng/ml)
  1.5-6.7 6.8-8.7 8.8-11.5 11.6-16.2 16.3-90.2  
Variables (n = 648) (n = 633) (n = 641) (n = 636) (n = 643) P value for trend
Age (years) 59
(11)
61
(12)
61
(12)
62
(13)
64
(14)
< 0.001
Men (%) 39.2 38.7 40.6 46.2 51.2 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 23.1
(3.4)
23.2
(3.4)
22.9
(3.4)
23.1
(3.4)
23.1
(3.4)
0.69
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 6.1
(1.3)
6.1
(1.3)
6.0
(1.3)
6.1
(1.3)
6.0
(1.3)
0.55
Diabetes (%) 13.7 13.8 11.2 14.8 14.3 0.82
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.25
(0.89)
5.22
(0.89)
5.27
(0.89)
5.27
(0.89)
5.19
(0.90)
0.51
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.70
(0.40)
1.61
(0.39)
1.60
(0.39)
1.60
(0.39)
1.53
(0.40)
< 0.001
High sensitivity C-reactive protein (mg/l) 0.43
(0.04-4.53)
0.49
(0.05-5.06)
0.54
(0.05-5.53)
0.55
(0.05-5.64)
0.68
(0.07-7.18)
< 0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 132
(20)
133
(20)
131
(20)
132
(20)
132
(20)
0.65
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79
(12)
79
(12)
78
(12)
79
(12)
78
(12)
0.38
Antihypertensive medication (%) 21.7 28.2 22.1 22.8 26.2 0.52
Hypertension (%) 44.4 46.6 39.6 43.6 47.2 0.67
Electrocardiographic abnormalities (%) 15.1 16.1 15.8 14.9 16.1 0.47
Current drinking (%) 50.9 45.1 40.8 42.1 37.1 < 0.001
Current smoking (%) 20.9 20.2 22.7 20.3 24.7 0.14
Regular exercise (%) 11.6 11.0 10.8 8.4 9.5 0.04
  1. BMI: body mass index; HDL: high density lipoprotein. All values are given as mean (standard deviation) or as percentages.
  2. C-reactive protein is shown by geometric mean and 95% confidence intervals due to the skewed distribution. Age and percent of men are not adjusted.