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Table 4 OR (95% CI) for having the MetS according to quintiles of resting heart rate

From: Elevated resting heart rate is associated with the metabolic syndrome

  1st Quintile 2nd Quintile 3rd Quintile 4th Quintile 5th Quintile
Men HR < 60 60 ≤ HR < 67 67 ≤ HR < 73 73 ≤ HR < 80 HR ≥ 80
  n = 947 n = 1137 n = 1020 n = 1009 n = 993
Crude OR 1.00 1.8 (1.3-2.5)§ 2.1 (1.6-3.0)§ 2.8 (2.0-3.8)§ 4.0 (3.0-5.5)§
Multiadjusted* OR 1.00 1.9 (1.3-2.7)§ 2.1 (1.4-2.9)§ 2.8 (2.0-4.0)§ 4.2 (3.0-5.9)§
Women HR < 64 64 ≤ HR < 70 70 ≤ HR < 76 76 ≤ HR < 82 HR ≥ 82
  n = 518 n = 519 n = 571 n = 454 n = 538
Crude OR 1.00 1.4 (0.8-2.3) 1.6 (1.0-2.7) 2.1 (1.3-3.4)§ 2.9 (1.8-4.6)§
Multiadjusted* OR 1.00 1.2 (0.7-2.2) 1.9 (1.1-3.3) 2.9 (1.7-4.9)§ 3.6 (2.2-6.1)§
  1. † - 0.05 > P ≥ 0.01; § - P < 0.01
  2. * Adjusted for age, former or never smoking status, family history of CVD, aspirin usage, alcohol consumption, measured oral temperature and physical exercise.
  3. ** list of abbreviations: MetS = metabolic syndrome; OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval; HR = heart rate.