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Table 3 Estimated marginal mean* (95% confidence interval) of resting heart rate in relation to each component of the MetS

From: Elevated resting heart rate is associated with the metabolic syndrome

Men Component absent Component present P Value
Hypertension 71.1 (70.0-72.2) 74.5 (73.4-75.6) < 0.001
Waist circumference 71.5 (70.5-72.5) 74.1 (72.9-75.3) < 0.001
IFG 71.0 (69.9-72.0) 74.7 (73.5-75.8) < 0.001
Triglycerides 71.9 (70.8-72.9) 73.8 (72.6-74.9) < 0.001
HDL Cholesterol 72.8 (71.8-73.8) 72.8 (71.5-74.1) 0.966
Women    
Hypertension 74.6 (72.6-76.5) 77.8 (75.8-79.8) < 0.001
Waist circumference 75.5 (73.5-77.4) 76.9 (75.0-78.9) 0.011
IFG 74.9 (73.0-76.8) 77.5 (75.4-79.6) < 0.001
Triglycerides 75.0 (73.1-76.9) 77.4 (75.3-79.5) < 0.001
HDL Cholesterol 76.0 (74.1-77.9) 76.4 (74.3-78.5) 0.524
  1. *All means are adjusted for age, former or never smoking status, family history of CVD, aspirin usage, alcohol consumption, measured oral temperature and physical exercise, and in addition, to the presence of all other components of the MetS.
  2. ** list of abbreviations: MetS = metabolic syndrome; IFG = impaired fasting glucose; HDL = high-density lipoprotein.