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Table 1 Characteristics* of men according to quintiles of resting heart rate

From: Elevated resting heart rate is associated with the metabolic syndrome

Men (N = 5,106) 1st Quintile 2nd Quintile 3rd Quintile 4th Quintile 5th Quintile ANOVA P for linear trend
HR < 60 60 ≤ HR < 67 67 ≤ HR < 73 73 ≤ HR < 80 HR ≥ 80 P Value
n = 947 n = 1137 n = 1020 n = 1009 n = 993  
Age (years) 43 (11) 44 (11) 44 (11) 43 (11) 42 (10) 0.080 0.135
Waist (cm) 92 (9) 94 (9) 95 (11) 96 (10) 96 (11) < 0.001 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 25.8 (3.0) 26.4 (3.2) 26.8 (3.7) 27.0 (3.8) 27.3 (4.1) < 0.001 < 0.001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 76 (7) 77 (7) 78 (8) 78 (8) 80 (9) < 0.001 < 0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg) 121 (12) 123 (14) 123 (14) 123 (14) 127 (15) < 0.001 < 0.001
Alcohol consumption (glasses/week) 1.4 (2.2) 1.4 (2.5) 1.1 (1.7) 1.2 (2.4) 0.8 (1.6) < 0.001 < 0.001
Physical exercise (hours/week) 3.3 (3.1) 2.4 (2.6) 2.3 (2.7) 2.0 (2.5) 1.8 (2.4) < 0.001 < 0.001
Smoking status, n(%)        
   Former 305 (32.2) 347 (30.5) 309 (30.3) 271 (26.9) 268 (27.0) 0.031  
   Never 642 (67.8) 790 (69.5) 711 (69.7) 738 (73.1) 725 (73.0)   
Hypertension, n (%) 123 (13.0) 196 (17.2) 200 (19.6) 203 (20.1) 287 (28.9) < 0.001  
Metabolic Syndrome, n (%) 59 (6.2) 121 (10.6) 127 (12.5) 157 (15.6) 210 (21.1) < 0.001  
Glucose (mmol/l) 5.08 (0.64) 5.15 (0.69) 5.19 (0.79) 5.26 (0.96) 5.46 (1.31) < 0.001 < 0.001
HDL Cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.36 (0.29) 1.31 (0.26) 1.31 (0.26) 1.29 (0.26) 1.28 (0.23) < 0.001 < 0.001
LDL Cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.09 (0.78) 3.18 (0.80) 3.19 (0.82) 3.19 (0.84) 3.22 (0.83) 0.009 0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.08 1.21 1.25 1.34 1.38 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. * data presented as arithmetic mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables (with the exception of triglycerides which are presented as geometric mean) and number of individuals (percentage) for dichotomous variables.
  2. ** list of abbreviations: HR = heart rate; ANOVA = analysis of variance; BMI = body mass index; BP = blood pressure; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; LDL = low density lipoprotein.