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Table 3 Mean direct medical costs and length of stay for the index cardiovascular hospitalization by index cardiovascular event type and diabetic status

From: Incremental cardiovascular costs and resource use associated with diabetes: an assessment of 29,863 patients in the US managed-care setting

Index CV Event Type* Patients with Diabetes
(n = 5,501)
Patients without Diabetes
(n = 24,362)
  No. of Patients Cost of Hospitalization Hospital LOS § No. of Patients Cost of Hospitalization Hospital LOS §
All CV event types** 5,501 17,435 (21,613) 4.8 (3.5) 24,362 16,917 (20,342) 4.3 (3.0)
   CABG 412 60,385 (38,622) 10.0 (3.9) 1,492 55,004 (32,109) 9.0 (3.6)
   Other CV procedure 1,417 25,925 (19,369) 4.1 (2.4) 7,196 26,331 (21,446) 4.1 (2.4)
   Myocardial infarction 1,420 26,035 (27,918) 5.2 (3.6) 7,811 24,802 (24,278) 4.6 (2.9)
   Heart failure 686 11,178 (13,168) 5.7 (3.7) 1,558 12,560 (16,245) 5.6 (3.6)
   Angina 315 7,038 (6,975) 2.9 (1.4) 1,336 6,878 (7,722) 2.7 (1.4)
   Other IHD 2,011 17,869 (20,538) 4.2 (3.0) 9,247 14,740 (17,549) 3.7 (2.6)
   Ischemic stroke 552 11,802 (12,025) 5.6 (3.7) 2,082 12,667 (13,344) 5.4 (3.3)
   TIA/other CVA 395 6,638 (6,733) 4.0 (3.4) 1,929 6,711 (6,379) 3.7 (2.7)
   PVD 38 19,432 (25,386) 8.1 (6.4) 126 15,315 (17,835) 6.6 (5.0)
  1. CABG, coronary artery bypass graft; CV, cardiovascular; CVA, cerebrovascular accident; IHD, ischemic heart disease; LOS, length of stay; PVD, peripheral vascular disease; TIA, transient ischemic attack.
  2. *Index hospitalization may be categorized into multiple events if it had both a cardiovascular diagnosis and procedure. History of diabetes in the pre-index period. Costs are mean (SD) per patient in US$. §Length of stay is mean (SD) in days. **For t-test comparisons of all CV event patients with vs. without diabetes, cost of hospitalization: P = 0.09, hospital length of stay: P < 0.0001