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Table 2 Physical characteristics of the sample by ACE I/D genotype

From: ACE I/D genotype, adiposity, and blood pressure in children

Characteristics ACE DD (n = 46) ACE ID (n = 61) ACE II (n = 45) D carriers (n = 107)
1Body mass (kg) 25.5 (0.8) 27.1 (0.7)* 24.4 (0.8)* 26.4 (0.5)#
1BMI (kg/m2) 16.4 (0.4) 16.9 (0.3) 15.8 (0.4) 16.7 (0.2)#
1% body fat 27.3 (1.1) 26.8 (1.0) 26.0 (1.1) 27.0 (0.7)
1FM-DXA (kg) 7.5 (0.6) 7.8 (0.5) 6.7 (0.6) 7.7 (0.4)
1FFM-DXA (kg) 18.1 (0.3)a 19.2 (0.3)a 17.9 (0.3)a 18.7 (0.2)#
2SBP (mmHg) 104.6 (1.1) 104.8 (1.0) 104.5 (1.1) 104.7 (0.8)
2DBP (mmHg) 70.5 (0.9) 70.0 (0.8) 69.4 (0.9) 70.2 (0.6)
2MAP (mmHg) 81.9 (0.8) 82.6 (0.7) 81.1 (0.8) 81.7 (0.5)
  1. Values are estimated mean (SE) for each group. BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; % body fat, percent body fat determined by dual energy x-ray absorbtiometry; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; MAP, mean arterial pressure
  2. 1 controlled for age and sex
  3. 2 controlled for age, sex, and height
  4. * P < 0.05 for group difference between ID and II
  5. # P ≤ 0.05 for group difference between D carriers and II
  6. a P < 0.05 for group difference between ID and both DD and II