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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios for diabetic retinopathy

From: Diabetic retinopathy is associated with pulse wave velocity, not with the augmentation index of pulse waveform

Independent variable   Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p
Age Per year 0.95(0.91–0.99) 0.02 0.97(0.94–1.05) 0.21
Sex Female 1.00   1.00  
  Male 0.33 (0.14–0.78) 0.01 0.37 (0.16–0.88) 0.02
Duration of diabetes (per year) 1.06 (1.004–1.11) 0.03 1.07 (1.02–1.12) 0.01
HbA1c Per % 0.96(0.75–1.21) 0.7 0.97(0.77–1.21) 0.75
Hypertension No 1.00   1.00  
  Yes 1.37 (0.59–3.19) 0.47 1.91 (0.86–4.28) 0.11
Hyperlipidemia no 1.00   1.00  
  yes 0.96 (0.42–2.18) 0.91 0.90 (0.41–1.99) 0.80
Diabetic nephropathy No 1.00   1.00  
  yes 4.57 (2.04–10.28) <0.001 5.24 (2.40–11.4) <0.001
baPWV Per m/s 1.21(1.07–1.37) 0.002 -  
AI Per % -   1.01(0.98–1.03) 0.65
  1. Diabetic retinopathy was used as dependent variable., CI: confidence interval