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Table 1 Characteristics of the 201 patients enrolled in the study according to the presence (+) or absence (-) of diabetic retinopathy.

From: Diabetic retinopathy is associated with pulse wave velocity, not with the augmentation index of pulse waveform

  DR(+) n = 47 DR(-) n = 154 P value
baPWV (m/s) 20.13 ± 3.66 17.14 ± 3.60 <0.001
AI (%) 19.5 ± 15.2 14.8 ± 20.4 0.14
Height (m) 1.59 ± 0.08 1.63 ± 0.08 0.003
Age (years) 61.1 ± 10.6 59.7 ± 11.2 0.44
Men (n) 25 (53%) 110 (71%) 0.03
Duration (years) 13.0 ± 8.5 8.6 ± 7.5 <0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg) 142.7 ± 16.3 129.3 ± 17.9 <0.001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 82.8 ± 11.1 78.3 ± 9.56 0.007
Heart rate (beat/min) 72.4 ± 12.0 66.3 ± 10.5 0.001
HbA1c (%) 7.2 ± 1.5 7.4 ± 1.9 0.56
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.88 ± 2.74 5.14 ± 0.89 0.004
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.40 ± 0.47 1.31 ± 0.40 0.22
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.68 ± 0.88 1.74 ± 1.12 0.75
Nephropathy 27 (18%) 27 (57%) <0.001
Antihypertensive agents (yes/no) 129/150 251/629 <0.001
  1. Mean values are indicated ± the standard deviation. DR, diabetic retinopathy.