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Table 2 Associations between categories of impaired glucose regulation and selected cardio-metabolic risk factors

From: Diabetes and pre-diabetes are associated with cardiovascular risk factors and carotid/femoral intima-media thickness independently of markers of insulin resistance and adiposity

  Adjustment in addition to age and sex IFG/NGT IFG/IGT DM
Coef. SE p Coef. SE p Coef. SE p
Triglycerides (mmol/l)          
  None 0.19 0.07 0.01 0.39 0.07 0.00 0.59 0.07 0.00
  BMI 0.14 0.07 0.05 0.33 0.07 0.00 0.52 0.07 0.00
  Waist 0.10 0.07 ns 0.31 0.07 0.00 0.46 0.07 0.00
  Insulin 0.15 0.07 0.03 0.29 0.07 0.00 0.48 0.08 0.00
  BMI, Waist, Insulin 0.09 0.07 ns 0.25 0.07 0.00 0.41 0.08 0.00
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/l)          
  None 0.26 0.11 0.02 0.29 0.12 0.02 0.39 0.12 0.00
  BMI 0.19 0.11 0.09 0.21 0.12 0.07 0.30 0.12 0.01
  Waist 0.15 0.11 ns 0.19 0.12 ns 0.24 0.12 0.04
  Insulin 0.22 0.11 0.05 0.20 0.12 ns 0.23 0.12 0.06
  BMI, Waist, Insulin 0.15 0.11 ns 0.15 0.12 ns 0.16 0.12 ns
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/l)          
  None -0.14 0.04 0.00 -0.19 0.05 0.00 -0.27 0.05 0.00
  BMI -0.08 0.04 0.05 -0.12 0.04 0.01 -0.19 0.04 0.00
  Waist -0.06 0.04 ns -0.11 0.04 0.02 -0.16 0.04 0.00
  Insulin -0.11 0.04 0.01 -0.14 0.05 0.00 -0.20 0.05 0.00
  BMI, Waist, Insulin -0.05 0.04 ns -0.09 0.04 0.04 -0.14 0.05 0.00
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)          
  None 5.43 1.49 0.00 7.02 1.56 0.00 10.82 1.54 0.00
  BMI 4.15 1.48 0.01 5.55 1.56 0.00 9.14 1.54 0.00
  Waist 3.67 1.49 0.01 5.39 1.55 0.00 8.38 1.56 0.00
  Insulin 4.57 1.50 0.00 5.72 1.59 0.00 9.48 1.64 0.00
  BMI, Waist, Insulin 3.45 1.50 0.02 4.87 1.58 0.00 8.42 1.64 0.00
  1. ns: p ≥ 0.10.
  2. NFG: normal fasting glucose; IFG: impaired fasting glucose; NGT: normal glucose tolerance; IGT: impaired glucose tolerance; DM: diabetes mellitus; BMI: body mass index; waist: waist circumference; insulin: serum fasting insulin.