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Table 1 Unadjusted odd ratios (95% CI) and the prevalence of IgG antibodies against HSV-1, Chlamydia pneumoniae, HSV-1 and H. pylori among men & women with and without the metabolic syndrome; the Persian Gulf Healthy Heart Study

From: The association of metabolic syndrome and Chlamydia pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus type 1: The Persian Gulf Healthy Heart Study

  Male Female
  Metabolic Syndrome Healthy O.R* C.I† p value Metabolic Syndrome Healthy O.R C.I p value
HSV-1‡ 84.2% 83.3% 1.06 0.73–1.54 N.S 92.1% 85.3% 2.01 1.27–3.16 0.003
CMV§ 94.3% 89.2% 1.99 1.121–3.27 0.007 94.8% 93.6% 1.23 0.7–2.15 N.S
Chlamydia pneumoniae 51.9% 37.8% 1.77 1.34–2.32 0.0001 42.2% 30.0% 1.69 1.28–2.23 0.0001
H. pylori** 67.9% 56.6% 1.62 1.23–2.13 0.001 64.4% 55.1% 1.47 1.12–1.92 0.004
  1. * Odds Ratio
  2. Confidence Interval
  3. Herpes simplex virus type 1
  4. § Cytomegalovirus
  5. **Helicobacter pylori