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Table 1 Subject characteristics prior to and following the intervention time period.

From: Cardiovascular adaptations to exercise training in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Variable ET (n = 11) CT (n = 7)
Pre Post Pre Post
Age (yrs) 58 ± 7 --- 59 ± 5 ---
Weight (kg) 89.8 ± 12.0 86.9 ± 10.9 84.6 ± 16.5 85.1 ± 16.9
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 34.2 ± 4.6 32.8 ± 3.6* 33.6 ± 7 33.4 ± 7.3
TC (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 1.1 5.2 ± 1.0 5.2 ± 0.8 5.0 ± 0.4
HDL (mmol/L) 1.3 ± 0.3 1.30 ± 0.2 1.3 ± 0.2 1.3 ± 0.2
LDL (mmol/L) 2.9 ± 0.9 2.9 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 0.6 2.9 ± 0.4
HbA 1c (%) 6.6 ± 0.9 6.4 ± 0.6 7.4 ± 1.1 7.4 ± 0.8
Insulin (mmol/L) 11.7 ± 5.9 10.5 ± 4.8 11.9 ± 5.6 13.8 ± 7.3
HOMA 3.5 ± 2.1 3.0 ± 1.5 3.75 ± 1.6 3.9 ± 2.0
(mL·kg -1 ·min -1 ) 21.3 ± 3.3 20.02 ± 4.9 ---  
Therapy     
Diabetes (D/O) 4/7 --- 1/6 ---
Hypertension 5 --- 4 ---
Lipid 2 --- 1 ---
  1. Means ± SD. BMI = Body mass index; TC = Total cholesterol; HDL = High density lipoprotein; LDL = Low density lipoprotein; HbA1c = glycosylated hemoglobin; HOMA = Homeostasis model assessment of insulin sensitivity; D/O = Diet and exercise / oral diabetic therapy * = p < 0.05 vs pre-training