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Table 5 Factors associated with vulnerable plaque in patients with and without DM

From: Differential association of visceral adipose tissue with coronary plaque characteristics in patients with and without diabetes mellitus

  Without DM (n = 334) With DM (n = 122)
Factor Odds ratio (95% CI) p Odds ratio (95% CI) p
Age (per year) 1.04 (1.01–1.07) <0.01 1.02 (0.99–1.07) 0.22
Male sex 5.11 (2.20–11.85) <0.01 1.86 (0.72–4.82) 0.20
Hypertension 1.61 (0.83–3.11) 0.16 1.64 (0.60–4.46) 0.34
Dyslipidemia 1.42 (0.74–2.71) 0.28 1.25 (0.51–3.07) 0.62
Current smoking 3.16 (1.61–6.20) <0.01 0.76 (0.26–2.23) 0.61
Total cholesterola 0.80 (0.02–30.28) 0.90 0.10 (0.001–21.32) 0.40
Triglyceridesa 2.39 (0.64–8.87) 0.19 2.48 (0.39–15.87) 0.34
HDL-cholesterola 0.025 (0.001–0.49) 0.02 0.43 (0.016–11.25) 0.61
LDL-cholesterola 6.50 (0.44–96.74) 0.17 0.13 (0.003–4.84) 0.27
Hemoglobin A1c 1.86 (0.88–3.91) 0.10 1.02 (0.78–1.33) 0.90
High sensitivity CRPa 1.04 (0.50-2.18) 0.91 1.36 (0.52-3.55) 0.53
VAT T1 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
VAT T2 3.28 (1.15–9.36) 0.03 1.26 (0.46–3.48) 0.65
VAT T3 5.54 (2.02–15.18) <0.01 0.84 (0.29–2.44) 0.74
Antihypertensive agents 1.29 (0.68–2.46) 0.43 0.97 (0.40–2.35) 0.95
Lipid-lowering agents 1.34 (0.66–2.71) 0.41 1.63 (0.70–3.80) 0.26
Hypoglycemic agents Not available   1.09 (0.44–2.68) 0.85
  1. The VAT area data were divided into tertiles (T) as described in the Methods.
  2. aValues were log-transformed before analysis.
  3. DM, diabetes mellitus; CI, confidence interval; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; VAT, visceral adipose tissue.