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Table 2 Baseline characteristics according to the VAT area tertile in patients with and without DM

From: Differential association of visceral adipose tissue with coronary plaque characteristics in patients with and without diabetes mellitus

  Without DM (n = 334) With DM (n = 122)
Characteristic VAT T1 (n = 111) VAT T2 (n = 112) VAT T3 (n = 111) VAT T1 (n = 40) VAT T2 (n = 41) VAT T3 (n = 41)
Age (years) 58 ± 19 66 ± 13* 67 ± 11* 65 ± 14 67 ± 11 65 ± 12
Men, n (%) 45 (41) 60 (54) 77 (69)*† 23 (58) 21 (51) 35 (85)*†
Body mass index (kg/m2) 20 ± 2 23 ± 2* 25 ± 3*† 22 ± 3 25 ± 4* 27 ± 4*†
Waist circumference (cm) 74 ± 7 82 ± 6* 91 ± 8*† 80 ± 8 88 ± 9* 96 ± 10*†
Subcutaneous adipose tissue (cm2) 91 ± 63 131 ± 58* 175 ± 82*† 112 ± 72 151 ± 79* 177 ± 90*
Visceral adipose tissue (cm2) 35 ± 15 82 ± 13* 147 ± 39*† 55 ± 22 111 ± 13* 180 ± 41*†
Hypertension, n (%) 47 (42) 59 (53) 70 (63)* 23 (58) 31 (76) 33 (80)*
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 26 (23) 48 (43)* 56 (50)* 25 (63) 25 (61) 28 (68)
Current smoking, n (%) 18 (16) 25 (22) 29 (26) 11 (28) 6 (15) 9 (22)
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 184 ± 39 192 ± 37 189 ± 38 185 ± 40 187 ± 34 189 ± 34
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 92 (51) 149 (88)* 169 (103)* 106 (46) 154 (78) 200 (165)*†
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 63 ± 17 57 ± 15* 53 ± 15* 60 ± 19 54 ± 14 53 ± 19*
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 108 ± 33 115 ± 32 109 ± 34 107 ± 28 113 ± 29 109 ± 34
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 5.5 ± 0.3 5.7 ± 0.4* 5.8 ± 0.5*† 7.4 ± 1.6 7.5 ± 1.6 7.4 ± 1.7
High sensitivity CRP (mg/dl) 0.16 (0.14) 0.15 (0.12) 0.16 (0.13)* 0.14 (0.11) 0.16 (0.20) 0.20 (0.22)
Medications       
Antihypertensive agents, n (%) 44 (40) 50 (45) 66 (59)*† 21 (53) 27 (66) 31 (76)*
Lipid-lowering agents, n (%) 15 (14) 32 (29)* 37 (33)* 20 (50) 11 (27)* 23 (56)†
Hypoglycemic agents, n (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 22 (55) 29 (71) 30 (73)
  1. DM, diabetes mellitus; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c.
  2. The VAT area data were divided into tertiles (T) as described in the Methods. *p < 0.05 vs. T1 group, †p < 0.05 vs. T2 group.