Independent* relation of any CVD, any coronary event, AMI, any cerebrovascular event, stroke, any peripheral event, ulcer/gangrene, and non-advanced and advanced DR with CKD NKF’s KDOQI stages, and AKDN and KDIGO risk categories. * Confounders: age, gender, smoking habits, diabetes duration, HbA1c, anti-hyperglycemic treatment, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The green lines indicate the reference categories (i.e. no CKD stage, risk category 0 and risk category low for NKF’s KDOQI, AKDN, and KDIGO classifications, respectively). * P<0.0001.