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Table 2 Transthoracic conventional echocardiographic and TDI parameters

From: Early impairment of contractility reserve in patients with insulin resistance in comparison with healthy subjects

Parameter Insulin resistance Controls p
EDD (mm) 47.86 ± 4.56 47.01 ± 5.87 ns
EDV (ml) 80.62 ± 20.20 70.65 ± 4.26 ns
LAA (cm 2 ) 18.63 ± 3.09 18.63 ± 4.32 ns
LVM (g/m 2 ) 63.83 ± 13.27 57.56 ± 11.21 ns
LVEF (%) 66 ± 5.1 65 ± 4.9 ns
E/A ratio 0.92 ± 0.22 1.02 ± 0.27 ns
DecT (sec) 0.22 ± 0.06 0.20 ± 0.04 ns
Sm (cm/sec) 46.9 ± 7.7 52.9 ± 6.2 ns
Em (m/sec) 7.9 ± 1.9 8.2 ± 1.6 ns
E/Em 9.9 ± 2.56 9.8 ± 2.01 ns
  1. Abbreviations: EDD end diastolic diameter, EDV end diastolic volume, LAA left atrium area, LVM left ventricular mass, LVEF Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction, E/A early and late diastolic peak velocity ratio, DecT E wave deceleration time, S m TD systolic peak velocity, E m TD early diastolic peak velocity, E/E early PWD and TD diastolic peak velocity ratio.