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Table 1 Nutritional, metabolic and hormonal characteristics

From: Extensive impact of saturated fatty acids on metabolic and cardiovascular profile in rats with diet-induced obesity: a canonical analysis

Variables Groups p-value
  CD HD  
Calorie intake (kcal/day) 80.1 ± 2.8 85.2 ± 3.1 0.336
Total calorie intake (kcal) 9135 ± 1220 11527 ± 1274 <0.001 *
Feeding efficiency (kcal/g) 0.15 ± 0.01 0.17 ± 0.01 0.032 *
Protein (kcal) 3914 ± 137 2919 ± 125 0.032 *
Sucrose (kcal) 629 ± 22 1020 ± 37 <0.001 *
SFA (kcal) 104.4 ± 3.7 488.0 ± 21.3 <0.001 *
UFA (kcal) 389 ± 14 1733 ± 74 <0.001 *
Final body weight (g) 559 ± 23 592 ± 21 0.305
Adiposity index (%) 5.53 ± 0.57 7.42 ± 0.68 0.047 *
Serum glucose (mg/dL) 90.79 ± 1.44 97.56 ± 2.37 0.025 *
Glycemia (AUC) 27198 ± 451 31867 ± 1463 0.008 *
Insulin (ng/dL) 2.62 ± 0.52 2.02 ± 0.35 0.353
HOMA index 10.35 ± 1.97 8.83 ± 1.55 0.552
Leptin (ng/dL) 8.0 ± 1.1 11.2 ± 1.4 0.095
  1. Results expressed as mean ± standard error; SFA: proportional saturated fatty acid intake; UFA: proportional unsaturated fatty acid intake; AUC: area under the glycemic responses curve; HOMA index: homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index; CD: control diet; HD: hypercaloric diet; * significant differences between groups; Student’s t test.