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Table 2 Comparison of echocardiographic pmeters between normal controls and patients with T2DM

From: Influencing factors on cardiac structure and function beyond glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  Controls (n = 68) Patients with T2DM (n = 148) p value
LV Mass index, g/m2 70 ± 12 81 ± 20 <0.001
LVEDV index, ml/m2 49 ± 12 51 ± 12 0.155
LVESV index, ml/m2 17 ± 4.8 17 ± 5.0 0.450
LV ejection fraction, % 64 ± 5 68 ± 5 <0.001
LA volume index, ml/m2 22 ± 8 24 ± 8 0.041
E/A ratio 1.1 ± 0.4 0.9 ± 0.3 <0.001
DCT time, msec 205 ± 46 206 ± 48 0.924
e’, cm/sec 8.2 ± 2.5 6.5 ± 1.8 <0.001
a’, cm/sec 9.4 ± 1.9 6.4 ± 1.8 0.783
E/e’ ratio 8.3 ± 2.1 9.7 ± 3.3 0.001
  1. LVEDV, left ventricular end-diastolic volume; LVESV, left ventricular end-systolic volume; LA, left atrial.