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Table 2 Baseline characteristics in AMI patients according to HbA 1c level

From: Prognostic value of early in-hospital glycemic excursion in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction

HbA1c(%) < 6.5 ≥ 6.5 P
n 111 75  
Age (years) 66.0 ± 5.1 68.6 ± 6.2 0.002
Males 67 (60.4) 49 (65.3) 0.492
Risk factors    
  Diabetes 49 (44.1) 52 (69.3) 0.001
  Previous CAD 30 (27.0) 28 (37.3) 0.137
  Smoking 41 (36.9) 33 (44.0) 0.334
  BMI (kg/m2) 26.3 ± 2.8 26.5 ± 3.0 0.556
  SBP (mmHg) 126 ± 18 128 ± 21 0.435
  DBP (mmHg) 76 ± 10 77 ± 13 0.720
  HR (bpm) 70 ± 11 72 ± 13 0.234
  LVEF (%) 57.8 ± 11.6 53.2 ± 11.9 0.010
  eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 70.6 ± 31.8 63.2 ± 25.7 0.061
  TC (mmol/L) 4.45 ± 0.97 4.67 ± 1.15 0.167
  TG (mmol/L) 1.96 ± 1.00 2.34 ± 1.68 0.056
  FBG (mmol/L) 6.58 ± 1.73 9.12 ± 2.63 < 0.001
  MAGE (mmol/L) 2.64 ± 1.23 4.15 ± 1.28 < 0.001
Medications    
  Aspirin 101 (91.0) 72 (96.0) 0.189
  Beta-blocker 46 (41.4) 32 (42.7) 0.868
  Oral anti-hyperglycemic 24 (21.6) 43 (57.3) < 0.001
  Insulin 17 (15.3) 46 (61.3) < 0.001
  ACEI 51 (45.9) 36 (48.0) 0.783
  Statin 85 (76.6) 61 (81.3) 0.439
  Diuretic 13 (11.7) 24 (32.0) 0.001
Type of AMI    
  STEMI 74 (66.7) 60 (80.0) 0.047
  Non-STEMI 37 (33.3) 15 (20.0) 0.047
GRACE Score 137 ± 32 151 ± 36 0.005
  1. Abbreviations: HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; CAD, coronary artery disease; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; FBG, fasting blood glucose; MAGE, the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions; ACEI, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; STEMI, ST segment elevated myocardial infarction; GRACE, the global registry of acute coronary events. Data are mean ± SD and number (%).