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Table 1 Baseline characteristics in AMI patients according to MAGE

From: Prognostic value of early in-hospital glycemic excursion in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction

MAGE (mmol/L) < 2.55 2.55-3.94 > 3.94
n 62 61 63
Age (years) 65.5 ± 5.2 67.1 ± 5.0 68.4 ± 6.4 *
Males 43 (69.4) 34 (55.7) 39 (61.9)
Risk factors    
  Diabetes 22 (35.5) 32 (52.5) 47 (74.6) *#
  Previous CAD 14 (22.6) 15 (24.6) 29 (46.0) *#
  Smoking 22 (35.5) 18 (29.5) 34 (54.0) *#
  BMI (kg/m2) 25.9 ± 2.4 26.5 ± 2.7 26.8 ± 3.3
  Systolic BP (mmHg) 125 ± 18 127 ± 18 130 ± 23
  Diastolic BP (mmHg) 75 ± 10 77 ± 9 78 ± 11
  Heart rate (bpm) 68 ± 12 73 ± 12 * 72 ± 11 *
  LVEF (%) 58.2 ± 10.5 57.2 ± 13.4 51.4 ± 11.1 *#
  eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 76.2 ± 30.3 64.2 ± 26.5 * 62.5 ± 20.8 *
  TC (mmol/L) 4.46 ± 0.99 4.55 ± 1.02 4.62 ± 1.15
  TG (mmol/L) 2.13 ± 1.04 1.96 ± 0.99 2.25 ± 1.78
  FBG (mmol/L) 6.53 ± 1.96 7.41 ± 2.29 * 8.31 ± 2.98 *
  HbA1c (%) 5.8 ± 0.9 6.4 ± 1.2 * 7.1 ± 1.2 *
Medications    
  Aspirin 58 (93.5) 55 (90.1) 60 (95.2)
  Beta-blocker 24 (38.7) 24 (39.3) 30 (47.6)
  Oral anti-hyperglycemic 19 (30.6) 22 (36.1) 26 (41.3)
  Insulin 8 (12.9) 22 (36.1) * 33 (52.4) *
  ACEI 25 (40.3) 30 (49.2) 32 (50.8)
  Statin 48 (77.4) 47 (77.0) 51 (80.9)
  Diuretic 9 (14.5) 11 (18.0) 17 (27.0)
Type of AMI    
  STEMI 37 (59.7) 49 (80.3) * 48 (76.2) *
  Non-STEMI 25 (40.3) 12 (19.7) * 15 (23.8) *
GRACE Score 128 ± 29 144 ± 29 * 155 ± 39 *
  1. Abbreviations: MAGE, the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions; CAD, coronary artery disease; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; FBG, fasting blood glucose; HbA1c, hemoglobin A1c; ACEI, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; STEMI, ST segment elevated myocardial infarction; GRACE, the global registry of acute coronary events. * p < 0.05 vs. MAGE < 2.55 mmol/L; # p < 0.05 vs. MAGE 2.55-3.94 mmol/L. Data are mean ± SD and number (%).