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Table 7 Serum electrolyte levels in DM subjects with and without macrovascular complications

From: Serum electrolyte levels in relation to macrovascular complications in Chinese patients with diabetes mellitus

Electrolyte levels Subgroups P-value
  Non-CVD CVD  
  (n = 306) (n = 37)  
Na+ (mmol/L) 141.1 ± 2.4 140.9 ± 2.6 0.317
K+ (mmol/L) 4.25 ± 0.37 4.34 ± 0.36 0.346
Ca2+ (mmol/L) 2.36 ± 0.11 2.37 ± 0.09 0.768
Mg2+ (mmol/L) 0.88 ± 0.08 0.85 ± 0.11 0.004
  Non-PAD PAD  
  (n = 271) (n = 15)  
Na+ (mmol/L) 141.1 ± 2.3 140.7 ± 3.2 0.094
K+ (mmol/L) 4.25 ± 0.37 4.21 ± 0.25 0.579
Ca2+ (mmol/L) 2.36 ± 0.10 2.33 ± 0.11 0.417
Mg2+ (mmol/L) 0.87 ± 0.08 0.85 ± 0.10 0.081
  Non-macrovascular complications Macrovascular complications  
  (n = 243) (n = 50)  
Na+ (mmol/L) 141.0 ± 2.3 141.0 ± 2.8 0.221
K+ (mmol/L) 4.24 ± 0.37 4.31 ± 0.34 0.555
Ca2+ (mmol/L) 2.36 ± 0.11 2.35 ± 0.10 0.667
Mg2+ (mmol/L) 0.87 ± 0.08 0.86 ± 0.10 0.017
  1. Descriptive values are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation. Differences are assessed using ANCOVA, adjusted for age, gender, BMI, WC, hypertension and dyslipidemia.
  2. Abbreviations: CVD Cardiovascular disease, PAD Peripheral artery disease, Na Sodium, K Potassium, Ca Calcium, Mg Magnesium.