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Table 5 Achieved HbA1c Level <7.0%, withdrawal at 1 year, and hypoglycemic episodes by baseline levels

From: Baseline and 1-year interim follow-up assessment of Japanese patients initiating insulin therapy who were enrolled in the cardiovascular risk evaluation in people with type 2 diabetes on insulin therapy study: an international, multicenter, observational study

  All1) ≤8.0% >8.1%, ≤10.0% >10.0%, ≤12.0% >12.0% P 2)
Achievement of HbA1c level <7.0% 193/482 (40.0%) 33/55 (60.0%) 69/189 (36.5%) 60/161 (37.3%) 29/73 (39.7%) **3)
Withdrawal from insulin at 1 year 27/488 (5.5%) 5/55 (9.1%) 7/191 (3.7%) 9/164 (5.5%) 6/74 (8.1%) N.S.
Patients with any hypoglycemic episodes 105/482 (21.8%) 15/54 (27.8%) 39/189 (20.6%) 34/162 (21.0%) 16/73 (21.9%) N.S.
Number of hypoglycemic episode/patient 1.44 ± 5.18 1.85 ± 6.43 1.13 ± 3.62 1.56 ± 5.19 1.58 ± 7.23 N.S.
Patients with severe hypoglycemic episodes 8/483 (1.7%) 3/54 (5.6%) 3/190 (1.6%) 1/162 (0.6%) 1/73 (1.4%) *3)
Number of severe hypoglycemic episodes/patients 0.03 ± 0.35 0.17 ± 0.97 0.02 ± 0.18 0.01 ± 0.08 0.01 ± 0.12 **
  1. 1)Including patients with missing baseline HbA1c level data.
  2. 2)Trend test by Cochran-Armitage test for categorical variables and analysis of variance with contrast statement for numerical variables.
  3. 3)Category score = (2,1,1,1).
  4. N.S. not statistically significant, *P < .05, **P < .01.