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Table 2 Hemodynamic variables by group

From: 24-hour central aortic systolic pressure and 24-hour central pulse pressure are related to diabetic complications in type 1 diabetes – a cross-sectional study

  Controls Normoalbuminuria Elevated albuminuria Controls vs. short duration, normo-albuminuria Long duration, normo- vs. micro- vs. macroalbuminuria
   Short duration Long duration Micro Macro p p
n = 86 n = 69 n = 211 n = 163 n = 186
24 h-CASP (mmHg) 114 ± 17 115 ± 13 121 ± 14 119 ± 16 121 ± 13 0.60 0.19
Daytime CASP (mmHg) 118 ± 18 119 ± 14 124 ± 14 122 ± 16 124 ± 13 0.59 0.26
Nighttime CASP (mmHg) 107 ± 16 108 ± 14 114 ± 13 112 ± 16 116 ± 14 0.68 0.029
Office CASP (mmHg) 117 ± 20 112 ± 14 118 ± 18 120 ± 18 120 ± 20 0.057 0.079
24 h-CPP (mmHg) 38 ± 8 38 ± 7 44 ± 10 46 ± 11 46 ± 11 0.96 0.14
Daytime CPP (mmHg) 39 ± 8 39 ± 8 45 ± 10 46 ± 11 46 ± 11 0.59 0.13
Nighttime CPP (mmHg) 36 ± 8 36 ± 7 42 ± 10 44 ± 11 45 ± 11 0.68 0.059
24 h brachial SBP (mmHg) 122 ± 19 124 ± 15 129 ± 15 127 ± 17 131 ± 15 0.43 0.18
Daytime brachial SBP (mmHg) 127 ± 19 129 ± 15 134 ± 15 132 ± 17 134 ± 15 0.37 0.24
Nighttime brachial SBP (mmHg) 113 ± 19 115 ± 15 121 ± 14 119 ± 17 124 ± 15 0.52 0.043
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 91 ± 14 93 ± 11 94 ± 10 91 ± 10 94 ± 11 0.43 0.011
24 h heart rate (beats per minute) 66 ± 7 67 ± 7 70 ± 8 69 ± 9 74 ± 10 0.31 <0.001
  1. Data are mean ± SD.
  2. p-values are for unadjusted comparisons (ANOVA) for comparison of controls to patients with short duration of normoalbuminuria or between patients with longstanding normoalbuminuria, microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria.
  3. CASP: central aortic systolic pressure, CPP: central pulse pressure, SBP: systolic blood pressure.