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Table 1 Characteristics of patients and controls

From: Impaired skin microcirculation in paediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

  Patient Controls p
  n 68 (33 m/35f) 102 (48 m/54f)  
  Age [year] 12.93 ± 3.34 12.84 ± 3.30 0.963
13.4 (6.3-19) 13.2 (6.4-19)  
Height
  Absolute [cm] 157 ± 18.8 158 ± 18.4 0.720
159 (111–195) 162 (116–191)  
  SDS 0.04 (−2.65-2.7) 0.37 (−2.03-2.10) 0.076
Weight
  Absolute [kg] 50.9 ± 16.3 48.0 ± 17.0 0.190
52.6 (21.0-95.0) 48.5 (18.0-92.0)  
  SDS 0.49 (−2.91-13.7) 0.17 (−0.15-3.84) 0.080
BMI    
  Absolute [kg/m2] 19.7 (14.0-39.3) 18.2 (12.5-28.1) 0.008
  SDS 0.23 (−2.74-3.92) −0.23 (−3.20-2.51) 0.002
Systolic blood pressure
  Absolute [mm Hg] 117.1 ± 13.0 110.0 ± 11.1 <0.001
117 (80–147) 110 (89–165)  
  SDS 0.91 (−2035-2.94) 0.05 (−2.44-1.58) <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure
  Absolute [mm Hg] 71.1 ± 9.4 65.6 ± 10.1 <0.001
72 (39–94) 65.0 (40–105)  
  SDS 0.65 (−1.65-2.35) −0.26 (−3.23-2.0) <0.001
cIMT [SDS] −0.19 (3.9-3.0) −0.31 (−2.8-1.9) 0.328
Duration of disease [year] 5.0 ± 3.97   
4.1 (1.0-16.0)   
Blood glucose [mmol/l] 9.29 ± 4.95   
8.60 (1.60-20.9)   
Total cholesterol [mmol/l] 4.61 ± 0.88   
4.60 (2.6-7.3)   
  LDL-cholesterol [mmol/l] 2.63 ± 0.73   
2.66 (0.89-5.10)   
  HDI-cholesterol [mmol/l] 1.54 ± 0.39   
1.51 (0.91-2.58)   
Triglycerides [mmol/l] 1.80 ± 0.70   
1.60 (0.60-3.66)   
Mean daily Insulin dosage [IU/kg] 093 (024–2.22)   
Actual HbA1c [%] 8.65 ± 1.8 5.37 ± 0.22 <0.001
8.3 (6.0-14.5) 5.4 (4.9-6.0)  
Mean Hba1c [%] 8.62 ± 1.2   
  8.4 (6.6-11.7)   
  1. Values are given as mean ± SD or median and range.