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Table 2 Male and female group comparisons of blood pressure and total cholesterol at different time points

From: Vitamin D supplementation in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 on different therapeutic regimens: a one-year prospective study

Systolic BP(mmHg) Control Rosiglitazone Diet Insulin Insulin + Orals Metformin Oral agents combination Sulphonylurea
Male
N 72 48 4 30 6 65 16 26
Baseline 119.1 ± 1.0 129.4 ± 1.0 114.4 ± 1.0 127.1 ± 1.0 139.1 ± 1.1 123.9 ± 1.0 139.3 ± 1.1 123.9 ± 1.0
6 months 131.3 ± 1.0 131.3 ± 1.0 134.0 ± 1.2 125.0 ± 1.0 138.4 ± 1.0 124.1 ± 1.0 132.6 ± 1.0 126.2 ± 1.0
12 months 130.7 ± 1.0 130.6 ± 1.1 - 130.7 ± 1.1 124.0 ± 1.0* 126.2 ± 1.0 133.2 ± 1.1* 128.3 ± 1.0
Female
N 79 1 11 25 6 56 21 31
Baseline 114.0 ± 1.2 139.7 ± 1.0 127.9 ± 1.1 127.6 ± 1.0 121.4 ± 1.0 128.7 ± 1.1 130.4 ± 1.1 127.5 ± 1.0
6 months 115.9 ± 1.1 - 124.6 ± 1.1 122.9 ± 1.0 126.8 ± 1.0 126.2 ± 1.0 124.3 ± 1.0 132.1 ± 1.0
12 months 116.4 ± 1.0 - 132.7 ± 1.0 125.1 ± 1.1 129.1 ± 1.1 129.2 ± 1.0 124.3 ± 1.0* 126.6 ± 1.0
Diastolic BP(mmHg)
Male
Baseline 75.4 ± 1.0 71.8 ± 1.0 72.2 ± 1.0 77.2 ± 1.0 74.5 ± 1.0 80.0 ± 1.0 74.0 ± 1.0 80.0 ± 1.0
6 months 74.4 ± 1.0 80.6 ± 1.1 72.4 ± 1.0 79.0 ± 1.1 80.1 ± 1.1 78.2 ± 1.0 83.0 ± 1.1 83.5 ± 1.1
12 months 74.1 ± 1.0 83.8 ± 1.1* - 80.7 ± 1.1 87.5 ± 1.1* 76.4 ± 1.0 87.4 ± 1.1* 85.6 ± 1.1
Female
Baseline 74.0 ± 1.0 89.9 ± 1.1 80.4 ± 1.1 80.7 ± 1.1 76.5 ± 1.0 81.2 ± 1.0 80.6 ± 1.0 79.1 ± 1.0
6 months 72.4 ± 1.0 - 74.2 ± 1.0 76.8 ± 1.0 79.7 ± 1.0 78.2 ± 1.0 82.2 ± 1.0 72.5 ± 1.0
12 months 72.2 ± 1.0 - 74.7 ± 1.0 77.4 ± 1.0 77.9 ± 1.0 81.4 ± 1.0 77.3 ± 1.0 78.5 ± 1.0
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)
Male
Baseline 4.4 ± 0.02 4.7 ± 0.02 5.3 ± 0.08 4.9 ± 0.03 5.2 ± 0.06 5.3 ± 0.02 4.7 ± 0.04 5.3 ± 0.03
6 months 4.6 ± 0.02 4.4 ± 0.02 7.2 ± 0.22 5.3 ± 0.04 5.0 ± 0.06 5.1 ± 0.03 4.5 ± 0.05 4.9 ± 0.04
12 months 4.6 ± 0.03 4.0 ± 0.04 8.0 ± 0.22 4.6 ± 0.05 4.4 ± 0.12* 4.9 ± 0.03 4.3 ± 0.08 5.0 ± 0.06
Female
Baseline 4.7 ± 0.02 4.6 ± 0.15 5.3 ± 0.04 5.3 ± 0.04 5.5 ± 0.06 5.2 ± 0.02 5.2 ± 0.03 5.3 ± 0.03
6 months 4.7 ± 0.04 - 5.1 ± 0.06 4.7 ± 0.04 5.1 ± 0.07 5.3 ± 0.02 5.2 ± 0.04 5.4 ± 0.03
12 months 4.7 ± 0.03 - 5.4 ± 0.10 4.4 ± 0.04* 4.4 ± 0.07* 4.9 ± 0.03 4.7 ± 0.05 5.3 ± 0.04
  1. Data represented by Mean ± standard error; ‘*’ Represents significant difference from the baseline. Level of significance is at p ≤ 0.05.