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Table 4 Results of diabetes and coronary heart disease medication: Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for men compared to women (reference)

From: Gender disparities in diabetes and coronary heart disease medication among patients with type 2 diabetes: results from the DIANA study

   Total With coronary heart disease Without coronary heart disease
Diabetes Medication
Thiazolidinedione Crude 1.77 (1.01 - 3.09) 1.73 (0.47 - 1.58) 1.71 (0.91 - 3.21)
  Adjusted a 1.75 (0.99 - 3.08) 1.58 (0.41 - 6.07) 1.68 (0.89 - 3.17)
  Adjusted b 1.42 (0.79 - 2.57)1 0.94 (0.28 - 3.17)2 1.52 (0.81 - 2.85)3
Oral combination drug Crude 2.48 (1.51 - 5.34) 2.81 (0.33 - 23.79) 2.45 (1.07 - 5.61)
  Adjusted a 1.97 (0.94 - 4.13) 1.82 (0.21 - 15.96) 1.91 (0.82 - 4.45)
  Adjusted b 2.06 (0.98 - 4.31)4 1.93 (0.38 - 9.78)5 1.87 (0.84 - 4.13)6
Coronary Heart Disease Medication
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor Crude 1.46 (1.14 – 1.86) 2.17 (1.12 – 4.20)  
  Adjusted a 1.52 (1.18 – 1.95) 2.18 (1.09 – 4.35)  
  Adjusted c 1.44 (1.11 – 1.88)7 -  
  Adjusted d - 2.61 (1.26 – 5.42)8  
Calcium channel blocker Crude 1.45 (1.10 – 1.91) 2.94 (1.38 – 6.24)  
  Adjusted a 1.55 (1.17 – 2.06) 3.53 (1.58 – 7.89)  
  Adjusted c 1.42 (1.05 – 1.91)9 -  
  Adjusted d   3.64 (1.55 – 8.52)10  
Aspirin Crude 1.52 (1.17 – 1.96) 1.10 (0.58 – 2.08)  
  Adjusted a 1.80 (1.38 – 2.36) 0.96 (0.49 – 1.87)  
  Adjusted e 1.36 (1.01 – 1.84)11 -  
  Adjusted f - 1.12 (0.57 – 2.21)12  
  1. Adjusted for: aage and HbA1c level, bage, HbA1c level, physician reported diabetes duration, appointments with the GP, marital status, diabetic nephropathy, depression, cage, HbA1c level, appointments with the GP, medication adherence, coronary heart disease, stroke, intermittent claudication, diabetic nephropathy and depression, dage, HbA1c level, appointments with the GP, medication adherence, stroke, intermittent claudication, diabetic nephropathy and depression, eage, HbA1c level, appointments with the GP, medication adherence, coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetic nephropathy and depression, fage, HbA1c level, appointments with the GP, medication adherence, stroke, diabetic nephropathy and depression.
  2. Goodness of fit: 1p = 0.74; 2p = 0.87; 3p = 0.33; 4p = 0.66; 5p = 0.85 6p = 0.66; 7p = 0.83; 8p = 0.46; 9p = 0.93; 10p = 0.70; 11p = 0.13; 12p = 0.76.