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Table 3 Associations* between metabolic syndrome and carotid atherosclerosis after 13 years

From: The metabolic syndrome and progression of carotid atherosclerosis over 13 years. The Tromsø study

  Follow-up levels Change from baseline to follow-up
  IMT (mm) TPA(mm²) ΔIMT (mm) ΔTPA(mm²)
  β p β p β p β p
Men         
Metabolic syndrome 0.051 0.0003 0.372 0.009 - - - -
Age 0.008 <0.0001 0.074 <0.001 - - 0.031 <0.0001
LDL cholesterol 0.016 0.004 0.232 <0.001 - - - -
Daily smoking 0.038 0.002 0.564 <0.001 - - 0.514 0.001
Women         
Metabolic syndrome 0.045 0.0004 - - - - - -
Age 0.008 <0.0001 0.049 <0.0001 0.002 <0.0001 0.031 <0.0001
LDL cholesterol 0.022 <0.0001 0.227 <0.0001 - - 0.204 0.0002
Daily smoking - - 0.503 <0.0001 0.033 0.001 0.498 0.0002
  1. *Stepwise multivariable linear regression analysis with forward selection and significance level 0.05 for entry into the model.
  2. †square-root-transformed values were used in the analyses.
  3. ‡p values for β-coefficients.
  4. IMT; intima-media thickness, TPA; total plaque area, LDL; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
  5. The Tromsø Study.