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Table 2 Patient characteristics across hs-CRP cardiovascular risk level categories

From: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein to detect metabolic syndrome in a centrally obese population: a cross-sectional analysis

  hs-CRP (mg/L) P for trend
  < 1.0 n = 254 ≥ 1.0-≤ 3.0 n = 545 > 3.0-< 10.0 n = 366  
Age (years) 47.9 ± 10.6 49.6 ± 10.6 47.0 ± 10.7 0.15
Gender (%, female) 61.0 61.5 73.8 < 0.001
Waist circumference (cm)     
   - Female 95.0 ± 5.5 96.8 ± 7.6 100.3 ± 9.0 < 0.001
   - Male 106.9 ± 3.4 110.0 ± 6.2 112.1 ± 8.6 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.1 (0.8-1.6) 1.2 (0.9-1.8) 1.3 (0.9-1.8) < 0.01
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) 3.2 ± 0.9 3.2 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.9 0.78
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)     
   - Female 1.7 ± 0.4 1.6 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.4 < 0.001
   - Male 1.3 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 0.02
Blood pressure (mmHg)     
   - Systolic 135.7 ± 15.4 138.2 ± 17.5 138.3 ± 18.1 0.09
   - Diastolic 84.2 ± 8.5 84.8 ± 9.3 85.3 ± 9.8 0.12
Fasting glucose (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 0.7 5.0 ± 1.0 5.1 ± 1.0 0.10
BMI (kg/m2) 28.3 ± 3.0 29.4 ± 3.2 30.6 ± 4.2 < 0.001
Metabolic syndrome (%) 29.5 34.7 41.8 < 0.01
Current smoking (%) 19.3 17.6 25.0 0.05
Drinking alcohol (%)     < 0.01
   - None 20.9 27.9 34.0  
   - Moderate 70.5 64.9 59.7  
   - Excessive 8.7 7.2 6.3  
Physical activity meeting Dutch Standard Healthy Movement (%) 55.5 61.3 59.5 0.41
  1. Data are reported as means ± standard deviation or percentage. Non normally distributed variables are reported as median (25th-75th percentile).
  2. Dutch Standard Healthy Movement: a minimum of thirty minutes of exercise at least five days a week.