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Table 2 Results of the univariate analysis

From: Impact of ADMA, endothelial progenitor cells and traditional cardiovascular risk factors on pulse wave velocity among prediabetic individuals

Categorical Variables PWV (mean±SD) p-value
Gender   0.439T
Male 8.9±1.5  
Female 9.2±1.2  
Exercise   0.009T
Yes 8.5±1.3  
No 9.6±1.4  
Pre-diabetes subcategory   0.215A
IFG 8.8±1.1  
IGT 9.5±2.2  
IFG+IGT 9.4±1.4  
Use of statins   0.656T
Yes 9.3±1.3  
No 9.0±1.5  
Continuous Variables PWV (mean±SD) r§ (p-value)
Age (years)   +0.522 (0.0001)
<48 8.5±0.9  
≥48 9.6±1.6  
MBP (mmHg)   +0.428 (0.002)
<106.3 8.1±0.8  
≥106.3 10.0±1.3  
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)   +0.601 (<0.0001)
<196 8.2±1.1  
≥196 9.9±1.2  
LDL (mg/dL)   +0.672 (<0.0001)
<118.4 8.0±0.7  
≥118.4 10.1±1.2  
GFR (mL/min)   −0.491 (0.0003)
<77 9.6±1.3  
≥77 8.5±1.3  
ADMA (μmol/L)   +0.508 (0.0002)
<0.757 8.1±0.8  
≥0.757 9.8±1.3  
BMI (kg/m2)   −0.164 (0.254)
<32.9 9.2±1.3  
≥32.9 9.0±1.6  
WHR   +0.154 (0.284)
<0.91 8.8±1.2  
≥0.91 9.4±1.6  
CD34+KDR+ (cells/mL)   −0.121 (0.403)
<292 9.3±1.5  
≥292 8.9±1.4  
HOMA-IR   +0.218 (0.128)
<4.51 9.0±1.4  
≥4.51 9.2±1.5  
Fasting glucose (mg/dL)   +0.449 (0.001)
<107 8.6±1.7  
≥107 9.5±1.0  
HbA1c (%)   +0.006 (0.967)
<6 9.0±1.2  
≥6 9.2±1.6  
hs-CRP (mg/L)   +0.018 (0.907)
<3.89 8.9±1.5  
≥3.89 9.4±1.4  
  1. Continuous variables have been presented as <median and ≥median for purely descriptive reasons; their continuous nature has been appropriately taken into account at the univariate tests; T: Student’s t-test; A: Analysis of variance (ANOVA); §: Pearson’s correlation coefficient.