Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the subjects

From: Improved resistance to ischemia and reperfusion, but impaired protection by ischemic preconditioning in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a pilot study

  T1DM; normal glucose T1DM; high glucose Healthy volunteers without IP Healthy volunteers with IP
N 8 7 13 8
Age (years) 28 ± 8 35 ± 11* 22 ± 3 24 ± 4
Body mass (kg) 78 ± 10 76 ± 8 74 ± 9 82 ± 7
Height (cm) 182 ± 7 178 ± 4 180 ± 7 185 ± 4
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 129 ± 9 124 ± 6 127 ± 7 131 ± 7
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78 ± 5 73 ± 8 75 ± 10 66 ± 10
Heart Rate (bpm) 72 ± 8 65 ± 6 68 ± 10 68 ± 14
HbA1c (%) 7.6 ± 0.9 8.2 ± 0.9 - -
Plasma glucose at onset of ischemic exercise (mmol/l)     
              - IP 6.3 ± 1.2* 18.2 ± 1.5* 4.5 ± 0.6  
              + IP 6.4 ± 0.8 19.4 ± 2.0 - 5.0 ± 1.1
Plasma insuline at onset of ischemic exercise (mU/l)     
              - IP 43.9 ± 27.6* 10.6 ± 4.2 14 ± 8 -
              + IP 28.3 ± 26.3 9.9 ± 4.2 - -
Maximal voluntary contraction (kg) 49 ± 7‡† 40 ± 6 42 ± 9 62 ± 12*
  1. Values are means ± SD. *: p < 0.05 versus healthy controls without IP. :p < 0.05 versus healthy controls with IP. :p < 0.05 versus T1DM with high glucose.