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Table 3 Characteristics of diabetic participants with and without medical treatment for hypertension or dyslipidemia

From: Personal attributes that influence the adequate management of hypertension and dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. Results from the DIAB-CORE Cooperation

  Anti-hypertensive medication No anti-hypertensive medication Lipid lowering medication No lipid lowering medication
  n = 822 n = 226 n = 240 n = 396
Age (years) 64.1 (6.8) 61.8 (7.3) 63.5 (6.5) 62.2 (7.5)
Women (%) 50.1 32.3 51.7 37.9
BMI (kg/m2) 31.5 (5.4) 29.5 (4.2) 30.8 (5.1) 31.2 (5.2)
BMI > = 30 kg/m2 (%) 56.0 38.2 51.3 50.5
Current smoking (%) 12.8 20.9 14.8 20.6
Low physical activity (%) 73.4 71.4 69.1 76.0
Low income (%) 16.8 18.4 18.3 18.2
Low education (%) 79.4 75.7 81.3 79.0
Diabetes duration (years) 9.0 (7.6) 7.8 (7.0) 9.2 (7.3) 7.9 (7.2)
Diabetes treatment (%)
Diet only or no treatment (%) 19.6 28.3 18.3 23.0
OAD only (%) 49.5 53.5 46.3 54.2
Insulin only (%) 19.1 12.4 19.6 11.9
OAD and Insulin (%) 11.8 5.8 15.8 10.9
Blood pressure (mm Hg)
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 150.4 (21.6) 159.0 (16.0) 147.3 (23.3) 148.0 (21.4)
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 83.7 (11.3) 90.0 (9.7) 80.9 (11.2) 84.8 (11.4)
Hypertension (%) 100 100 87.0 81.3
current BP > =140/90 (%) 70.8 100 (due to definition of hypertension) 60.7 66.9
Cholesterol (mg/dl)
TC (mg/dl) 224.9 (51.2) 224.6 (43.0) 215.6 (50.2) 245.5 (52.8)
LDL (mg/dl) 136.8 (40.1) 138.0 (37.2) 126.9 (42.3) 155.3 (40.5)
HDL (mg/dl) 49.9 (15.8) 50.3 (16.3) 48.8 (15.8) 39.4 (8.5)
Dyslipidemia (%) 56.1 52.9 100 100
current TC/HDL ratio > = 5 (%) 40.9 44.6 40.4 100 (due to definition of dyslipidemia)
Myocardial infarction (%) 12.1 3.6 23.1 8.7
Stroke (%) 9.1 3.1 8.0 7.3
  1. Numbers are means (SD) or percentages and relate to the number of subjects available for analysis.
  2. BMI: body mass index, OAD: oral anti-diabetic medication, TC: total cholesterol, LDL: low-density lipoprotein, HDL: high-density lipoprotein, CVD: cardiovascular disease, BP: blood pressure.
  3. BP > =140/90 mmHg or using anti-hypertensive medication.
  4. TC/HDL ratio > =5 or using lipid-lowering medication.
  5. Test of the difference between participants with antihypertensive medication and those without such medication, p <0.05.
  6. Test of the difference between participants with lipid lowering medication and those without such medication, p <0.05.