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Table 2 Study characteristics of participants with T2D in DIAB-CORE, age range 45-74

From: Personal attributes that influence the adequate management of hypertension and dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. Results from the DIAB-CORE Cooperation

  Controlled hypertension < 140/90 mmHg Uncontrolled hypertension > = 140/90 mmHg Controlled dyslipidemia TC/HDL ratio < 5 Uncontrolled dyslipidemia TC/HDL ratio > =5
  n = 240 n = 808 n = 143 n = 493
Age (years) 62.8 (7.2) 63.8 (6.9) 63.8 (6.7) 62.4 (7.3)
Women (%) 59.6 42.3 54.6 39.8
BMI (kg/m2) 32.4 (5.9) 30.7 (5.0) 30.6 (5.1) 31.2 (5.2)
BMI > = 30 kg/m2 (%) 64.2 48.6 51.1 50.7
Current smoking (%) 15.7 14.2 13.4 19.9
Low physical activity (%) 71.2 73.5 68.1 75.0
Low income (%) 17.8 17.0 17.4 18.5
Low education (%) 78.3 78.7 80.9 79.6
Diabetes duration (years) 8.3 (7.7) 8.9 (7.5) 10.1 (7.9) 7.9 (7.0)
Diabetes treatment (%)
Diet only or no treatment (%) 20.0 21.9 20.3 21.5
OAD only (%) 47.5 51.2 42.7 53.7
Insulin only (%) 19.6 17.1 19.6 13.4
OAD and Insulin (%) 12.9 9.8 17.5 11.4
Blood pressure (mm Hg)
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 126.3 (10.4) 160.0 (16.4) 148.1 (23.9) 147.6 (21.6)
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 75.7 (7.9) 87.8 (10.7) 80.6 (11.1) 84.1 (11.4)
Hypertension (%) 100.0 100.0 85.9 82.8
current BP > =140/90 (%) 0.0 100.0 59.9 65.9
Cholesterol (mg/dl)
TC (mg/dl) 218.4 (46.2) 226.8 (50.3) 199.0 (37.0) 244.5 (53.6)
LDL (mg/dl) 132.3 (37.9) 138.5 (39.9) 114.4 (32.4) 153.9 (42.1)
HDL (mg/dl) 50.2 (15.7) 50.0 (16.0) 56.3 (15.5) 39.1 (8.4)
Dyslipidemia (%) 53.8 55.9 100.0 100.0
current TC/HDL ratio > = 5 (%) 37.1 43.0 0.0 100.0
Myocardial infarction (%) 13.4 9.4 22.7 11.7
Stroke (%) 9.2 7.4 7.0 7.7
  1. Numbers are means (SD) or percentages and relate to the number of subjects available for analysis.
  2. BMI: body mass index, OAD: oral anti-diabetic medication, TC: total cholesterol, LDL: low-density lipoprotein, HDL: high-density lipoprotein, CVD: cardiovascular disease, BP: blood pressure.
  3. BP > =140/90 mmHg or using anti-hypertensive medication.
  4. TC/HDL ratio > =5 or using lipid-lowering medication.
  5. Test of the difference between participants with controlled hypertension and those with uncontrolled hypertension, p <0.05.
  6. Test of the difference between participants with controlled dyslipidemia and those with uncontrolled dyslipidemia, p <0.05.