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Table 4 Associations between carotid IMT thickening (>0.9 mm) and quintiles of UACR

From: Higher normal ranges of urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio are independently associated with carotid intima-media thickness

Quintiles of UACR, mg/g Odds ratio (95% confidence intervals)
  Men Women
 < 6.50 1.00 1.00
 6.5-9.79 1.33 (0.94-1.89) 1.14 (0.70-1.88)
 9.80-13.49 1.39 (0.99-1.97) 1.82 (1.16-2.86)**
 13.50-18.89 1.63 (1.15-2.55)** 1.61 (1.03-2.52)*
 ≥ 18.90 1.80 (1.26-2.55)**† 1.97 (1.28-3.04)**†
  1. Adjusted for age, current smoking status, current alcohol use, waist circumference, systolic BP, diastolic BP, HOMA-IR, eGFR, triglycerides, fasting blood glucose, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and hyperlipidemia.
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01.
  3. p < 0.001 by trend test.