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Table 3 Influence of BMI percentile category on characteristics of participating children

From: Lp(a)-cholesterol is associated with HDL-cholesterol in overweight and obese African American children and is not an independent risk factor for CVD

Classification BMI percentiles At risk of overweight 85-95th Overweight & Obese  
   95.001-99 th > 99 th p -value1
Sample size, n 24 48 49  
Anthropometrics Mean (SEM)  
Age (years) 10.5 (0.2) 10.8 (0.1) 10.7 (0.1) 0.412
Pubertal stage 2.75 (0.3) 3.14(0.2) 2.95 (0.2) 0.574
Height (cm) 147.3 (1.8) 150.2 (1.3) 152.1 (1.3) 0.118
Weight (kg) 46.6 (1.5) 61.0 (1.4) 80.5 (2.6) < 0.001
BMI-z score 1.34 (0.4) 2.03 (0.03) 2.54 (0.02) < 0.001
WC (cm) 71.8 (1.4) 86.9 (1.19) 102.4 (1.8) < 0.001
Plasma lipoproteins, mg/dl
TC 177.7 (7.0) 161.1 (4.1) 170.5 (4.9) 0.100
HDL-C 62.2b (2.8) 53.0a (1.4) 50.8a (1.5) < 0.001
VLDL-C 15.6 (0.9) 15.2 (0.5) 16.9 (0.5) 0.099
IDL-C 9.38 (1.0) 8.33 (0.6) 10.1 (0.6) 0.172
LDL-C 100.1 (6.2) 92.9 (3.6) 102.7 (4.3) 0.227
TAG 59.5a (4.5) 68.5a, b (3.8) 81.5b (4.5) 0.005
Lp(a)-C 10.7b (0.9) 7.75a (0.5) 6.71a (0.5) < 0.001
  1. 1Differences determined using two-tailed t-test following Levene's test for equality of variances. Groups sharing a common superscript are not significantly different from each other using Tukey's studentized range test at a 5% procedure-wise error rate
  2. Abbreviations: Body mass index: BMI, Body mass index z-score: BMIz, Waist circumference: WC, Total cholesterol: TC, High density lipoprotein cholesterol: HDL-C, Very low density lipoprotein cholesterol: VLDL-C, Intermediate density lipoprotein cholesterol: IDL-C, Low density lipoprotein cholesterol: LDL-C, Triglycerides: TAG, Lp(a)ccholesterol: Lp(a)-C