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Table 2 Mean stiffness and reflection index values after the ingestion of high-fat meal supplemented with 3 g wheat flour (placebo) or cinnamon

From: Effect of cinnamon on gastric emptying, arterial stiffness, postprandial lipemia, glycemia, and appetite responses to high-fat breakfast

Variable Placebo Cinnamon
Stiffness Index (m/sec)   
Baseline 5.58 ± 0.55 5.78 ± 0.48
60 min 5.53 ± 0.49 5.46 ± 0.51
120 min 5.42 ± 0.44 5.32 ± 0.46
180 min 5.39 ± 0.41 5.34 ± 0.71
240 min 5.34 ± 0.32 5.31 ± 0.36
300 min* 5.47 ± 0.45 5.19 ± 0.41
Reflection Index (%)   
Baseline 68.92 ± 18.15 68.72 ± 21.42
60 min 61.26 ± 12.73 60.15 ± 12.19
120 min 61.64 ± 8.79 63.76 ± 8.92
180 min 66.74 ± 12.63 69.37 ± 12.49
240 min 71.57 ± 15.84 69.70 ± 8.88
300 min 69.78 ± 12.99 68.68 ± 12.71
  1. Data are means ± SD, n = 9.
  2. No significant differences were found between treatments, p > 0.05. * Main effect for time for Stiffness Index; pooled placebo and drug data, p < 0.05