Skip to main content

Table 2 Clinical characteristics of female participants according to fasting plasma glucose category

From: Association between fasting plasma glucose and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein: gender differences in a Japanese community-dwelling population

Women, N = 1,097
mg/dL
Normal fasting plasma glucose IFG Type-2 diabetes
or >125 mg/dL
P-value*
Characteristics FBS <90
N = 409
90-99
N = 391
100-109
N = 152
110-125
N = 52
N = 93  
Age (years) 58 ± 13 64 ± 10 67 ± 9 68 ± 9 66 ± 10 <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 22.5 ± 3.1 23.4 ± 3.2 24.4 ± 3.4 24.9 ± 3.8 24.6 ± 3.9 <0.001
Smoking status, % 97.1/0.7/2.2 98.5/0.5/1.0 95.4/2.0/2.6 98.1/1.9/0 98.9/0/1.1 0.409
Alcohol consumption, % 58.4/35.7/5.9 66.8/26.6/6.6 69.1/27.0/3.9 69.6/28.8/1.9 73.1/24.7/2.2 0.035
History of CVD, % 5.4 5.6 12.5 5.8 9.7 0.025
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 131 ± 22 141 ± 22 145 ± 24 151 ± 22 144 ± 23 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 77 ± 12 82 ± 11 83 ± 12 86 ± 11 81 ± 11 <0.001
Antihypertensive medication, % 15.6 23.5 38.2 50.0 44.1 <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 84 (61-114) 92 (69-128) 90 (70-135) 106 (78-144) 94 (70-155) <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 66 ± 15 65 ± 15 65 ± 16 65 ± 15 61 ± 16 0.127
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 120 ± 29 127 ± 29 134 ± 30 131 ± 28 132 ± 31 <0.001
Antilipidemic medication, % 3.7 6.1 9.2 17.3 11.8 <0.001
Serum uric acid (mg/dL) 4.3 ± 1.0 4.5 ± 1.0 4.6 ± 1.1 4.8 ± 0.9 4.6 ± 1.1 <0.001
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 86 (82-88) 94 (92-97) 103 (101-105) 116 (113-120) 126 (103-150) <0.001
Immuno-reactive insulin (μ U/mL) 4.80 (3.40-6.80) 6.20 (4.50-8.60) 7.40 (5.25-11.5) 9.50 (6.75-12.9) 7.80 (5.20-11.2) <0.001
Hypoglycemic medication, % 0 0 0 0 37.6 <0.001
HMW adiponectin (μ g/mL) 7.15 (4.72-10.3) 6.82 (4.65-10.1) 5.94 (4.12-8.83) 4.82 (3.58-7.73) 5.22 (3.20-8.18) <0.001
hsCRP (mg/dL) 0.035 (0.017-0.061) 0.043 (0.024-0.089) 0.048 (0.028-0.093) 0.063 (0.031-0.124) 0.080 (0.034-0.198) <0.001
  1. CVD, cardiovascular disease; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HMW. High molecular weight; hsCRP, high sensitivity C-reactive protein. Data presented are mean ± standard deviation. Data for triglycerides, fasting plasma glucose, immuno-reactive insulin, and HMW adiponectin, and hsCRP were skewed, and are presented as median (interquartile range) and were log-transformed for analysis. *P-value: ANOVA or X2-test.