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Table 1 Characteristics of pregnant women with MNT-GDM, iGDM, or normal glucose tolerance

From: N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide is decreased in insulin dependent gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort trial

  MNT-GDM iGDM normal
n 45 90 88
Age (years) 29 ± 5 P = 0.034* 32 ± 5 p = 0.046 32 ± 6
Gestational week 28 ± 5 28 ± 5 27 ± 4
Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 84 ± 13 91 ± 14 p < 0.001* p = 0.012 75 ± 10
oGTT 60 Min (mg/dl) 187 ± 28 p < 0.001* 188 ± 33 p < 0.001* 138 ± 33
oGTT 120 Min (mg/dl) 137 ± 25 p < 0.001* 143 ± 26 p < 0.001* 104 ± 22
HbA1c (%) 4.9 ± 0.3 5.1 ± 0.4 P = 0.02* 4.8 ± 0.5
HbA1c (mmol/mol) 30 ± 3 32 ± 4 P = 0.02* 29 ± 5
NT-proBNP (pg/ml) 46 ± 40 35 ± 25 P = 0.012* 53 ± 43
  1. Data are means ± SD. GDM: gestational diabetes mellitus; MNT: medical nutrition therapy; iGDM: insulin dependent GDM; oGTT: oral glucose tolerance test; NT-proBNP: N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide; HbA1c: glycosylated hemoglobin; * p-value versus normal pregnancies; p-value versus MNT-GDM